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61 terms

Medical Terminology - Ch. 3

Directional Terms and Anatomical Planes and Regions...
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ventr/o
belly (front)
cephal/o
head (upward)
later/o
side
medi/o
middle
infer/o
below
proxim/o
near (the point of attachment of a body part)
super/o
above
dist/o
away (from the point of atachment of a body part)
dors/o
back
caud/o
tail (downward)
anter/o
front
poster/o
back, behind
-ad
toward
-ior
pertaining to
bi-
two
uni-
one
anterior
pertaining to the front
anteriorposterior
pertaining to the front and to the back
bilateral
pertaining to two sides
caudad
toward the tail (downward)
caudal
pertaining to the tail
cephalad
toward the head
cephalic
pertaining to the head
distal
pertaining to away (from the point of reference)
dorsal
pertaining to the back
inferior
pertaining to below
lateral
pertaining to a side
mediad
toward the middle
medial
pertaining to the middle
mediolateral
pertaining to the middle and to the side
posterior
pertaining to the back
posterioranterior
pertaining to the back and to the front
proximal
pertaining to the near (from the point of reference)
superior
pertaining to above
unilateral
pertaining to one side (only)
ventral
pertaining to the belly (front)
transverse plane
the plane that divides the body into upper and lower portions
frontal or coronal plane
the plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior portions
midsagittal plane
the plane that divides the body into right and left halves
sagittal plane
the plane that divides the body into right and left sides
epigastric region
superior to the umbilical region and around the naval (top middle)
hypochondriac region
right and left of the epigastric region (top sides)
hypogastric region
inferior to the umbilical region (bottom middle)
iliac region
right and left of the hypogastric region (bottom sides)
lumbar region
right and left of the umbilical region (middle sides)
umbilical region
inferior to the epigastric region (middle middle)
right upper quadrant
refers to the area encompassing the right lobe of the liver, the gallbladder, part of the pancreas, portions of the small and large intestines and the right kidney
left upper quadrant
refers to the area encompassing the left lobe of the liver, teh stomach, the spleen, part of the pancreas and portions of the small and large intestines, and the left kidney
right lower quadrant
refers to the area encompassing portions of the small and large intestines, the appendix, the right ureter, and the right ovary, and uterine tube in women or the right spermatic duct in men
left lower quadrant
refers to the area encompassing portions of the small and large intestines, the left ureter, and the left ovary, and uterine tube in women or the left spermatic duct in men
RUQ
right upper quadrant
LUQ
left upper quadrant
RLQ
right lower quadrant
LLQ
left lower quadrant
sup
superior
ant
anterior
inf
inferior
PA
posterioranterior
AP
anteriorposterior
med
medial
lat
lateral