32 terms

Discovering the Constitution Part 1

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Preamble key ideas
-people want a better union
-ensure tranquility
-establish justice
-promote the general welfare
-secure the blessings of liberty and people that come after you
Why do you think the Founding Fathers thought these ideas were important?
-they want to make our country last longer
-want to fix the mistakes Britain made about the government
-want to keep a legacy for the future
Who is in the executive branch?
President
Who is in the legislative branch?
Congress, House of Representatives, Senate
Who is in the judicial branch?
Federal Courts, Supreme Courts, Federal Courts
Legislative job
make laws
Executive job
carry out and enforce laws
Judicial job
interpret the laws
Why did they structure the government this way?
-to fix Britain's mistakes
- Each branch of government can guide other branches
- The government has a democracy instead of a king like Britain
Why would they (President, Senate,
House of Representatives) have such requirements and term lengths?
Citizenship-they did not want foreign influence on our country, they wanted the person who is running to have experience in the Us and its states, they wanted them to know what they were dealing with, and they want them to live where they are representing. Age limits-give younger people a chance but keep it at a level of experience. Terms-did not want anyone to have to much power like Britain. THEY WANTED A BALANCE: NEW IDEAS VS EXPERIENCE.
Ho long is a presidents term?
4 years
How long is a term for a House of Representatives member?
2 years
How long is a term for a Senate member?
6 years
vote of the electors which determines who the president will be
electoral vote
vote of the citizens which determines which electors will be voting for president
popular vote
How many electors does each state get (formula)?
# of senators + # of reps = # of electors
How many senators does each state have?
2
How many winner takes all states are there?
48 plus Washington, DC
Which states have proportional voting?
Maine and Nebraska
How many proportional voting states are there?
2
How many electoral votes does a candidate get for each district won in proportional voting?
1
How many electoral votes does a candidate get for each state won in proportional voting?
2
What happens if no candidate gets the 270 electoral votes they need to win?
The House of Reps gets to decide the winner
How old do you have to be to run for House of Reps?
25 years
How old do you have to be to run for President?
35 years
How old do you have to be to run for Senate?
30 years
How many year do you have to have been a citizen of the US to run for President?
14 years
How many year do you have to have been a citizen of the US to run for House of Reps?
7 years
How many year do you have to have been a citizen of the US to run for Senate?
9 years
1. Bill introduced on floor of Senate of House of Representatives
-bills involving raising money must originate in House of
Representatives
-bill given a number, sent to committee
2. Committee debates bill - can revise, send to floor, or let it die
3. Bill debated on floor of originating house
how a bill becomes a law
a group within a floor that has expertise on a certain topic, for example: an education ________________ would look at a bill based on education
committee
1. must honor official acts of other states-for example, marriages from one state is legal in others
2. must treat residents of other states the same way they treat their own citizens
3. New states admitted by Congress
4. States get powers not specifically given to federal government-for example, deciding the age limit for getting a drivers license
5. voting requirements not adressed in Constitution-states got to make decisions here until later amendments-now 18
The States
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