English Anne Frank unit vocab
Terms in this set (38)
Twenty-six antions led by Britian, the US, and the Soviet Union, opponents of the Nazi Germany and its allies known as the Axis power (Germany, Italy, Japan)- World War ||
The act or process of being completely destroyed
Irrational prejudice, discrimination against Jews, dislike, fear, and persecution of Jews.
The Nazi term for what they considered the German race. Not a radical term and no biological validity. Aryan was made up by the Nazis to refer to a racial ideal that they claimed was "superior"-that is, the "master race". Originally the name of the family of languages of peoples of Europe and India
Largest Nazi concentration camps located in the Southwestern Poland, with a killing center in Birkenau. Included gas chambers. More than one million Jews were murdered there. Also Auschwitz, or Monowitz, was a huge slave labor camp complex which served I.G. Farben company and manufactured Buna, synthetic rubber
A concentration camp in northern Germany, plagued by epidemics, overcrowding, and planned starvation. These conditions led to the deaths of more than 34,168 people.
Prison camps that held Jews, Gypsies, political and religious opponents of the Nazis, resistance fighters, homosexual men and women, and others considered enemies of the state. People died of starvation, slave labor, and disease.
Six major death camps whose primary purpose was killing in an assembly-line fashion by gassing. Chelmo, Belzec, Sobibor, Treblinka, Majdanek, and Auschwitz-Birkenau were located in Poland.
Forced removal of Jews in Nazi-occupied countries from their homes under the pretense of resettlement in the East. Most were shipped to death camps.
The state of having been expelled or forced to flee from home or homeland (displaced persons)
Dutch Opekta Company
Otto Frank's business, which made pectin, a powdered fruit extract used to make jams and jellies
SS mobile killing squads responsible for massacres in Eastern Europe of Jews, communist leaders, and Gypsies
A phrase used by the Nazis for their plan for the physical destruction of all of Europe's Jewish population
Camps where prisoners were used as slave labor. On July 5, 1942, Margot Frank received a notice to report for forced labor in Germany
A term that refers to the movements of refugees who have been displaced by conflicts in their countries, natural disasters, environmental disasters, chemical disasters, famine, or developmental projects
Deliberate, systematic murder of an entire political, cultural, racial, or religious group
The Secret State Police of the Third Reich, which used terror, arrest, and torture to eliminate political opposition and round up Jews and others
Areas of cities and towns in Eastern Europe in which Jews were forced to live in extreme, overcrowded conditions that included starvation, cold, and disease
A term for Roma and Sinti groups persecuted by the Nazis
From the term "total burnt offering." The systemic, state-directed genocide of 6 million Jews, as well as the murder of 5 million other civilians, including Slavs, gypsies, and others during WW2
Kristallnacht (Night of the Broken Glass)
The state-sponsored pogrom unleashed on the Jewish communities of Germany and Austria on November 9 and 10, 1938.
Mein Kampf (My Struggle)
Adolf Hitler's autobiography, written during his imprisonment (1924). Mein Kampf details his plan to make Europe judenrein.
National Socialist German Workers' Party
The Nazi radical, right-wing, anti-Semitic political party headed by Adolf Hitler from 1921 to 1945.
Nuremberg (Race) Laws
Laws passed in 1935, stripping Jews of their political rights by making them stateless
Control of a country by a foreign military power. The Netherlands was occupied by the Nazi government of Germany
Organized violence against Jews, often with the support of the government
A forced round-up of Jews in the Netherlands
A person who flees his or her native country to escape invasion, oppression, or persecution
A fixed amount of something allowed to each person, particularly during a shortage or wartime
black-shirted elite guard of Hitler, later the political police in charge of the concentration and death camps
An ancient religious symbol (hooked cross), that became the official symbol of the Nazi Party. Now banned in Germany, the swastika is still used by neo-Nazis around the world
The Nazi term for Germany and the occupied territories from January 1933 to April 1945
A group acting in secrecy to oppose the government and resist the occupying enemy forces
German republic from 1919 to 1933, a parliamentary democracy established after World War I, with Weimar as its capital city
Jewish transit camp in northeastern Holland where almost 100,000 Jews were deported between 1942 and 1944 to the Auschwitz-Birkenau, Sobibor, Theresienstadt, and Bergen-Belsen concentration and death camps
This six-pointed Star of David was a Jewish symbol that the Nazis forced Jews above the age of six to wear as a mark of shame and to make Jews visible. In the Netherlands the star carried the Dutch word Jood, meaning "Jew," in the middle. From May 1942 until she went into hiding, Anne Frank wore the yellow star, separating her from the rest of the Dutch population
Jewish people who wish to see a Jewish return to their "rightful homeland," Israel. (Harry goes to these meetings, though he tells his grandparents otherwise)