46 terms

Chapters 1-2 Medical Term

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Terms in this set (...)

Combining form
word root with their respective combining vowels; these are the "subjects" of most medical terms
Suffix
word part that appear at the end of the term
Prefix
word part that appear at the beginning of the term
Decodable Terms
these are not medical terms that can be broken down into their Greek and Latin word parts and giving a working definition based on the meaning of those parts and giving a working definition based on the meaning of those parts.
Non-decodable term
These are medical terms that cannot be broken down to parts that tell the meaning of the term; they just need to be memorized!
Diagnosis
The disease or condition that is named after a healthcare professional evaluates a patient's signs, symptoms, and history.
Prognosis
a prediction of the probable outcome of a disease or disorder.
Acute
abrupt, severe onset (acu- means sharp). In talking about diseases, acute means i) quick onset, ii) short duration, and iii) severe in intensity
Chronic
Developing slowly and lasting for a long time. Diagnoses may be described as either acute or chronic. Chron/o means "time"
Sign
an objective finding of a disease state.
Symptom
a subjective report of a disease (pain, itching)
Eponym
terms that are named after a person or place associated with the term. Ex- Alzheimer disease.
Acronym
These are abbreviations that are also pronounceable (AIDS)
Simple Abbreviation
A combination of letters (often, but not always the first of significant word arts) and sometimes numbers (ex- IM for "intramuscular").
Symbols
Graphic representations of terms (example: + stands for present, - stands for absent).
anti
prefix meaning "against"
A-, an-
prefix meaning "no, not, without"
Ante-
prefix meaning "forward, in front of, before"
Dys-
prefix meaning "abnormal, difficult, bad"
Epi-
prefix meaning "above, upon"
Per-
prefix meaning "through"
Peri
prefix meaning "surrounding, around"
Hyper-
prefix meaning "excessive, above"
Hypo-
prefix meaning "below, deficient"
Inter-
prefix meaning "between"
Intra-
prefix meaning "within"
Poly-
prefix meaning "many"
Sub-
prefix meaning "under, below"
-um
suffix meaning "structure, thing, membrane"
-ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -eal, -ic, =ous
suffix meaning "pertaining to"
-itis
suffix meaning "inflammation"
-algia
suffix meaning "pain"
-oma
suffix meaning "tumor, mass"
-rrhage, -rrhea
suffix meaning "bursting forth"; -rrhea by itself also means "discharge or flow"
-ectomy
suffix meaning "surgical removal or resection"
-tomy
suffix meaning "surgical incision"
-tripsy
suffix meaning "crushing"
-graphy
suffix meaning "process of recording"
-rrhaphy
suffix meaning "suture"
-graph
suffix meaning "instrument to record"
Plural rule for a word if it ends in "a"
drop the -a and add -ae
Plural rule for a word if it ends in "-nx"
drop the -nx and add -nges
Plural rule for a word if it ends in "-ix" or "-ex"
drop the -ix or -ex and add -ices
Pronunciation of term spelled "pn"
Pronounced as "n" In "no"
Pronunciation of term spelled "x"
Pronounced as "z" in "zoo"
Pronunciation of term spelled "eu"
Pronounced as "you"