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Personality Psychology 3325 Exam 2 Chapter 5
Terms in this set (26)
how personality can remain stable over time
A case study of Mahatma Gandhi best illustrates:
social events in particular
Michael Kernis et al. (1991,992) have suggested that self esteem variability is related to the extent to which one's self view can be influenced by:
showed the most personality stability
In a longitudinal study of middle ages couples spanning 11 years, Avshalon Caspi and Herbener (1990) found that the people married to spouses who were highly similar to themselves:
early forties to their early fifties
In a longitudinal study of women from Mills College conducted by Helson and Wink (1992), the sample of educated women showed a consistent drop in femininity as they moved from their:
high levels of neuroticism
In a longitudinal study conducted by George Kelly and Conley, what aspects of personality proved to be the strongest predictor of marital dissatisfaction and divorce?
flexibility and impulsivity declined with increasing age
In adulthood, a study of creative architects found that:
arousal differences that correlate with extraversion
What form of personality development is NOT located at the group differences level of personality analysis?
it is defined as both perseverance and passion toward long-term goals
According to Duckworth (2007), what is true about grit?
men tend to become more independent with increasing age
In the context of personality traits with age, empirical clues suggest:
are dependent for their self-worth in the approval of others
Psychologists Ryan and Deci suggest that variable persons:
According to Mary Rothbart and Hwang, what factor of temperament is probably the most stable?
were more likely to be divorced
A study found that men who had severe childhood tantrums:
Sensation seeking increases with age from childhood to adolescence and peaks in:
individual differences level
The ___ of personality analysis helps predict who will be at risk for a psychological disturbance later in life based on earlier measures of personality.
According to a longitudinal study conducted by Conley, what early personality characteristic was found to be useful in distinguishing between the men who had become alcoholics and those who had developed an emotional disturbance?
high level of self-esteem variability
Kara is extremely sensitive to social feedback. She most likely has a(n)...
tends to increase with increasing age
In the context of rank order stability in adulthood, Roberts and DelVecchio found that personality consistency...
In the context of mean level stability and change in adulthood, people score higher on ___ and ___ as they grow older.
more stable over short intervals of time
Mary Rothbart and Hwang studied infants at different ages and found that temperament is ...
change in slight, but nonetheless important ways
In the context of mean level stability and change in adulthood, studies confirm that mean level personality traits ____ during adulthood
stability in activity level over time
The Block and Block longitudinal study, which initiated the testing sample of more than 100 children when they were 3 years old, found...
Personality changes observed in individuals due to the social times in which they live are referred to as ___
the lack of impulse control of the wife
According to a longitudinal study conducted by George Kelly and Conley, what is NOT a personality aspect that is a strong predictor of divorce?
According to a longitudinal study of Mills College women, what group showed no increase in independence over time?
A form of personality development that is characterized by an individual maintaining rank order in relation to other individuals but changing the manifestations of the trait is called:
moderate to high levels of stability
Across self-report measures of personality, conducted by investigators and over differing time intervals of adulthood, the traits of neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness all show:
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