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Ch 06: Hard Drives
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Terms in this set (68)
The PATA cable can accommodate __ drives.
A hard disk drive (HDD) comes in two sizes: ___ inches for desktop computers, and 2.5" for laptops.
If a magnetic drive has four platters, it has __ heads, one each on the top and bottom of each platter.
A floppy drive cable has ___ pins.
The PATA cable has 40 pins and normally a red stripe down the side with a maximum recommended length of ____ inches.
Older hard drives use a(n) ___-conductor IDE ribbon cable.
The ____-conductor IDE cable has half the number of pins as it has wires.
The ATA interface standards are developed by Technical Committee T13 and published by ____.
The ___-_ hard drive standard first introduced S.M.A.R.T.
A CD drive that uses a PATA connection must follow the _____ (Advanced Technology Attachment Packet Interface) standard.
A ______ disk is a single hard drive that works independently of other hard drives.
After a hard drive is installed, verify it is recognized by ______ and then use Windows to partition and format the drive. Solid state drives might be preformatted using the NTFS file system.
The Master Boot Record, in the first sector at the beginning of a hard drive (512 bytes), contains the master boot program (446 bytes), which loads the OS boot program stored in the OS ____ ______, and the partition table, which contains the description, location, and size of each partition on the drive.
The first sector on the disk, called the boot sector or ____ record, contains the information about how the disk is organized and the file system used.
A ______ is the smallest unit of space on a disk for storing a file and is made up of one or more sectors.
All tracks on a hard drive head that are the same distance from the center of the platters make up one ________.
DMA (______ ______ access) transfer mode can transmit data from a device to memory without involving the CPU.
______ transfers data directly from the drive to memory without involving the CPU.
Serial ATA is easier to configure and better performing than PATA. External SATA ports are called _____ ports.
The ______ file management system uses a 64-bit file allocation table and is normally used on low-end systems where security is not a big concern. In most situations, your best choice is NTFS.
An ______ partition can be divided into one or more logical drives, each of which is assigned a drive letter and is formatted using its own file system.
A floppy disk uses the ______ file system. Each entry in the file allocation table is 12 bits.
NTFS (New Technology ____ ______) is designed to provide greater security and to support more storage capacity than the FAT32 file system.
________ on a circuit board inside the drive housing is responsible for writing and reading data to these tracks and sectors and for keeping track of where everything is stored on the drive.
Today's ______ disks are 3½", high-density disks that hold 1.44 MB of data.
_______ RAID can be implemented by the motherboard or a RAID controller card. Software RAID is implemented by Vista or Windows XP.
Each side, or surface, of one hard drive platter is called a ____.
During the _____-______ formatting process, you specify the size of the partition and what file system it will use.
___-______ enables you to connect and disconnect a drive while the system is running.
A _______ drive combines a magnetic drive with solid state component that helps boost the speed of the drive. The Vista technology that supports this drive is called ReadyDrive.
A drive ______ is a duplication of everything written to a hard drive.
BIOS and the OS use a simple sequential numbering system called _______ _______ addressing (LBA) to address all the sectors on the hard drive without regard to where these sectors are located.
Track and sector markings are written to a hard drive before it leaves the factory in a process called ___-______ formatting.
Solid state or hybrid hard drives are faster than _______ drives.
A ______ ______ drive has one, two, or more platters, or disks, that stack together and spin in unison inside a sealed metal housing that contains firmware to control reading and writing data to the drive and to communicate with the motherboard.
Use the Computer __________ Windows utility to partition and format a hard drive.
PATA drives require you to set a jumper to determine if the drive will be the ______ or slave on a single cable.
When Windows prepares a drive as a basic disk, it installs a ______ ______ Record (MBR) which contains a partition table and a master boot program.
A PATA __________has two PATA connectors for a total of four PATA drives in the system.
Two file systems used for hard drives are FAT32 (the older system) and _____ (the newer system).
The main two components of the master boot record on a hard drive are the master boot program and the _______ ________.
Several _____ standards are Fast ATA, Ultra ATA, Ultra ATA/66, Ultra ATA/100, and Ultra ATA/133.
____ mode involves the CPU and is slower than DMA mode.
A ______ partition is also called a volume, simple volume, or basic volume.
For EIDE, there are four choices for drive installations: ______ ______, primary slave, secondary master, and secondary slave.
______ technology uses an array of hard drives used to provide fault tolerance and/or improvement in performance.
_____ __ stripes data across 2 or more drives. It is fast but offers no fault tolerance. Its uses include applications such as print servers and video editing where speed is helpful and potential data loss is not a critical concern.
_____ __ mirrors one hard drive with a second drive so that the same data is written to both drives.
_____ __ stripes data across 3 or more drives to improve performance and provide fault tolerance through parity checking.
The top and bottom of each disk of a magnetic hard drive have a(n) ____/____ _____ that moves across the disk surface as all the disks rotate on a spindle.
Windows Vista technology that supports a hybrid drive is called _________.
A ____ color or stripe down one side of a cable marks this side of the cable as pin 1.
RAID (________ Array of Independent Disks) technology configures two or more hard drives to work together as an array of drives.
_______ is a system BIOS feature that monitors hard drive performance, disk spin up time, temperature, distance between the head and the disk, and other mechanical activities of the drive in order to predict when the drive is likely to fail.
______ drives require no configuration and are installed using a power cord and a single SATA data cable.
Three SATA standards provide data transfer rates of 1.5 Gb/sec, 3.0 Gb/sec, and 6.0 Gb/sec. Currently, the second standard, 3.0 Gb/sec, is the most popular and is sometimes called _____ _____.
______ was an interface standard for high-end hard drives used in servers. Cumbersome, it has essentially been replaced by USB.
The total number of ____ on the drive determines the drive capacity.
When selecting a hard drive, consider the capacity of the drive, the spindle speed (for magnetic drives), the interface standard used, the cache or buffer size, and the average ______ time.
S.M.A.R.T. stands for ______-________ Analysis & Reporting Technology whereby the BIOS monitors the health of the hard drive and warns of an impending failure.
Most hard drives use the ATA interface standards. The two main categories of ATA are parallel ATA and ______ ATA.
When using an 80-conductor cable-select cable, the drive nearest the motherboard is the ____.
A _____ ______ hard drive is more expensive, faster, more reliable, and uses less power than a magnetic hard drive.
With _______, two hard drives are configured as a single volume.
Three current ratings for ______ speed for a magnetic hard drive are 5400, 7200, & 10,000 RPM. 7200 is most common.
A hard drive is low-level formatted at the factory where _____ and sector markings are written to the drive.
Each disk surface on a hard drive is divided into concentric circles, called _______.
If you are mounting a hard drive into a bay that is too large, a _______ ____ kit can help you securely fit the drive into the bay.
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