Macromolecules and Biochemistry

activation energy
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Terms in this set (25)
proteinA macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen, which is used by the body for growth and repair.reaction rateThis is the speed at which a reaction progresses.specificityThis refers to the set of conditions, including pH, temperature, and/or light, under which a certain cell type or protein functions best.substratesThis is the material or substance on which an enzyme acts.monomerA molecule that can combine with others of the same kind to form a polymerpolymera large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunitsamino acidmonomer of proteinmonosaccharidemonomer of carbohydratesfatty acidmonomer of lipids that can be saturated or unsaturatedglycerolmonomer of lipidsnucleotidemonomer of nucleic acidscatabolismbreakdown of complex molecules in to simpler moleculesanabolismjoining simpler molecules together to form complex moleculesdenaturedestroy the characteristic properties of a protein by heat, acidity, or other effects that disrupt its molecular conformation.saturationthe state or process that occurs when no more of something can be absorbed, combined with, or added.