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12 terms

A&P Terminology Unit #1

Terminology
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anterior (ventral)
front, in front of

ex. the stomach is anterior to the kidney
distal
away from or farthest from the point of attachment or origin

ex. the wrist is distal to the shoulder
dorsal (posterior)
the back, behind
inferior
below or towards the feet

ex. the liver is inferior to the diaphragm
lateral
at or towards the side

ex. the lungs are lateral to the heart
medial
towards the body's midline

ex. the heart is medial to the lungs
proximal
towards or closest to the point of attachment or origin

ex. the elbow is proximal to the wrist
superior
above or towards the head

ex. the lungs are superior to the diaphragm
sagittal
(SAJ-it-ahl)
structure is dissected to divide into right and left sides
midsagittal
division is directly in the midline
frontal section
divide into front and back sections
transverse section
divide into top and bottom portions