Film Art - Chapter 1
Terms in this set (74)
an overall patterning of a film, the way its parts work together to create specific effect
involves the film's use of cinematic techniques
the width of the film strip
optical sound track
encode sonic information in the form of patches of light and dark running along the frames
high-definition video (usually refer to 720p and 1080p)
4K digital cinema
4096 pixels across; carries four times the amount of info than 2k
an individual,group or company makes the film.
a distribution company rents copies to theater chains.
theaters exhibits the film.
arranges the financing for the project or obtains the literary rights.
oversees the day-to-day activities of director, cast, and crew.
acts as a liaison with laboratories or technical personnel.
a synopsis of the action
the final version of the screenplay
the filmmaker prepares for the physical production.
a series of comic stirp, including notations about costume, lighting, and camera work.
short for "previsualization", reworks the storyboards into 3D animation,completing with moving figures, dialogue, sound effects, and music.
in charge of all details of continuity from shot to shot
plans each day's shooting schedule.
director of photography, a.k.a. Cinematographer: expert on photographic processes, lighting, and camera techniques.
workers carry and arrange equipment, props, and elements of the setting and lighting.
the head electrician who supervises the placement and rigging of the lights.
Production assistants run errands
each version of a shot
a board before the lens labeling each take
typically records the entire action and dialogue of the scene.
shots shot in closer views or from different covers
small sensors attached all over the body of the subject to record the movement
the assembly phase
Dailies or Rushes
the shots loosely strung in sequence without sound effects or music
any footage shot is transferred to hard drive, and the editor enters notes on each take directly into a computer database
create a consistent look throughout a scene
computer-generated imagery; deleting distracting background or creating images
automated dialogue replacement
the director, the composer, the picture editor, and the sound editor view the film and agree on where music and effects will be placed
the specialist who ensures proper synchronization during film mixing
mode of production
the scale and type of the production
a tradition of tracking through the process; the studio takes care about everything; long-term contracts; assembly line of factory
low budget movies tailored to a particular market(eg. fringe theaters or video rentals)
low budget movies made for theatrical market without major distributor financing.
Hollywood directors who critics felt had created a distinctive approach to filmmaking while working within the Hollywood studio system.
focusing the film, music, television, and publishing sectors of the company on promoting a piece of "branded content."
the film opens first in a few big cities, and then gradually expands to theaters around the country.
short preview of an upcoming movie
a form of promotion that pays back its investment directly.
allows a film and a product line to be advertised simultaneously
Dolby Digital 5.1
channel No. 5 & the use of a large subwoofer to reproduce low-frequency effects(0.1); standard
a recent developed system that accommodates up to 64 distinct channels.
dark bands at the top and bottom of the screen allow for the whole image to be shown.
What do the textbook authors mean by calling movies art?
Film offers experiences that viewers find worthwhile.
Why did the filmmakers choose digital cinematography?
Films does not record what the eyes see in the night, yet using the HD digital camera can make audiences see everything naked eye can see into the night.
Why did the filmmakers use ELD lights inside the cab?
The filmmakers wanted to avoid the sense that there was artificial light in the cab.
Why did they use multiple cameras to record a car crash?
What was the reason for varying the music during the climax?
Aim to not to build up excitement too quickly
What is the normal gauge for movies shot on film? The normal frame rate?
35mm film. 24fps.
What is the main advantage of shooting in a larger film format, such as Imax?
Gives the image better definition and detail.
What is the main advantage of digital cinema over film?
cheaper and convenient with the same quality of film
What are the four phases of movie production?
scriptwriting and funding - preparation for filming - shooting - assembly
What is the basic task of a movie producer?
Nurses the project through the scriptwriting process, obtain financial support, and arrange to hire the personnel who will work on the film; during shooting, acts as liaison between the writer or director and the company; arranging the distribution, promotion, and marketing of the film.
What is the basic task of a movie director?
The director coordinates the staff to create the film.
What is the relationship between an art director, a set decorator, and a set dresser?
Art director oversees the construction and painting of the sets; set decorator modifies the sets for specific filming purposes, supervising workers who find props; set dresser arranges things on the set during shooting.
What are the roles of the AD, the second assistant director, the third assistant director, and the script supervisor, relative to the director?
AD( shooting schedule), second AD ( liaison among first AD and camera & electricians' crew), third AD (messenger for director and staff), SS (check details from shot to shot)
What does it mean that every production is a "compromise within constraints"?
Filmmaking is one of the most pressurized artist work, caring about budget, deadline, weather...
How are large-scale movies made differently today than they were in the studio era?
Centralized production system resemble factory's assembly line, contract with big stars and crew; distinct package, studios became distribution companies.
What is the main difference between an independent film and a small-scale production?
Independent film are financed without major distributor financing, it can be a crew to work together; small-scale production limited in the crew number.
Can commercial movies be said to have a central artist or author?
What makes distribution companies the center of power in the movie industry today?
Filmmakers need distributors to circulate their work; exhibitors need them to supply their screens.
What is the commercial importance of film festivals?
Provide markets to find distributor or finance; prize to draw attention to films that might otherwise get lost among the hundreds of movies circulating among festivals.
How have ancillary markets changed most dramatically in recent years?
DVD -blueray; internet
How are viewing practices reshaping film aesthetics today?
Rewatching - puzzle movies; internet - variation in narrative form; marketing and merchandising extend a film's story