Upgrade to remove ads
Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
World History Chapter 13 Section 5
Terms in this set (21)
Polish scholar who proposed a heliocentric, or sun-centered, model of the universe
Danish astronomer who provided evidence that supported Copernicus's theory
Brahe's assistant and a brilliant German astronomer and mathematician, used Brahe's data to calculate the orbits of the planets revolving around the sun. His calculations supported Copernicus's view; showed that planets move in ellipses
assembled an astronomical telescope; discoveries supported Copernicus; scholars and the Church condemned him; tried before the Inquisition
devoted himself to understanding how truth is determined; rejected Aristotle's scientific assumptions; stressed experimentation and observation; wanted to science to make life better for people by leading to practical technologies
devoted himself to understanding how truth is determined, rejected Aristotle's scientific assumptions; emphasized human reasoning as the best road to understanding; explains how he decided to discard all traditional authorities and search for provable knowledge and concluded that doubt is the only thing you cannot question in Discourse on Method
a step-by-step process of discovery that required scientists to collect and accurately measure data
English chemist who refined the alchemists' view of chemicals as basic building blocks; explained all matter as being composed of tiny particles that behave in knowable ways; distinguished between individual elements and chemical compounds; explained the effect of temperature and pressure on gases; his work opened the way to modern chemical analysis of the composition of matter
using mathematics, he showed that a single force (gravity) keeps the planets in their orbits around the sun; his work seemed to link the sciences and calculus was another work developed by Newton
a single force keeping the planets in their orbits around the sun
a branch of mathematics partially developed by Newton and used to explain his laws that is still applied today
It contradicted both Church teachings and common sense
Why was Copernicus's theory seen as radical?
Bacon emphasized experimentation and observation, while Descartes emphasized human reasoning
How did Bacon and Descartes each approach the new scientific method?
He posited that objects he observed falling to Earth must have been pulled by the same forces that moved the planets.
How did Newton use observations of nature to explain the movements of the planets?
As new astronomical discoveries challenged accepted views of the universe, scientists in all fields began to rely on observation rather than accepted wisdom.
How did discoveries in science lead to a new way of thinking for Europeans?
They contradicted the teachings of the Church, which had been accepted for more than a thousand years.
Why did the theories of Copernicus and Galileo threaten the views of the Church?
Before, people learned accepted truths, dictated by tradition or religion. The scientific method was based on the idea that truth could come only through investigation.
In what ways did the scientific method differ from earlier approaches to learning?
The Renaissance worldview led people to explore the human body in new ways to see how it really worked, sparking new discoveries in anatomy and medicine.
What impact did Renaissance ideas have on medicine?
He used Plato's emphasis on mathematics and reality to discover nature's laws.
How did Newton use the ideas of Plato?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
World History Chapter 13 Section 4
World History Chapter 13 Section 3
World History Chapter 13 Section 1
World History Chapter 13 Review
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Chapter 13 Section 5 Flash cards
Chapter 13 Section 5 Flash cards
Chapter 13 Section 5
chapter 1 section 5
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Med Safety Final Exam
CB Chapter 12
Astronomy Final PHY 1455 Dr. Russell