Sports Medicine 1 Anatomical Terms and General Vocabulary for Injuries
Terms in this set (50)
Caused by sudden trauma to the body like a fall or twist of the body.
Develop slowly and are persistent and long-lasting, or constantly recurring over time.
How the injury occurred; the cause
Bruise caused by a direct blow or repeated blows to the same area.
Solid swelling of clotted blood within the tissues.
Tough band of fibrous connective tissue that connects muscle to bone.
Injury to a muscle and/or tendon
A short band of tough, flexible, fibrous connective tissue that connects bone to bone.
Stretch and/or tear of a ligament
Small fluid-filled sac or saclike cavity situated in places in tissues where friction would otherwise occur.
Strong smooth connective tissue found in joints at the ends of long bones.
Formed where 2 bones come together.
Incomplete or partial dislocation of a joint.
Also called luxation, occurs when there is an abnormal separation in the joint.
A break or disruption in a bone.
Suffix that means inflammation of
Inflammation of a bursa
Inflammation of a tendon
Inflammation of a muscle
Frontal or Coronal Plane
An imaginary plane that travels from the top to the bottom of the body, dividing it into front and back portions.
An imaginary plane that travels from the top to the bottom of the body, dividing it into left and right portions.
Is an imaginary plane that divides the body into superior and inferior parts.
Standing upright with palms facing forward
Front of the body
back of the body
Area on the outside or away from the midline of the body.
Area on the inside or toward the midline of the body.
Nearest to the point of attachment, origin or other point of reference.
Farthest from the point of attachment, origin or other point of reference.
Top part or above
Bottom part or below
Movement of a body part away from the midline.
Movement of the body part towards the midline.
Bending at a joint or decreasing the angle between two bones.
Straightening at a joint or increasing the angle between two bones.
Prefix that means to much, or excessive
Turning the palm downward or the ankle outward.
Turning the palm upward or the ankle inward.
Turning the sole of the foot inward
Turning the sole of the foot outward
Turning the body part outward
Turning the body part inward
Bringing the body part away from the midline of the body once already abducted to 90 deg.
Bringing the body part toward the midline of the body once already abducted to 90 deg.
Movement of a body part in a circular motion.
Ankle movement pulls foot upward.
Ankle movement pulls foot downward
On your back
On your stomach
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