The Roman Republic- History Packet
Terms in this set (52)
A great trojan hero
Romulus and Remus
Were twin brothers that found Rome
When people elect leaders to govern them
Rulers with absolute power for up to six months
One of Rome's famous dictators who gained power in 458 BC
the common people of Rome
Were powerful nobels
the first part of Rome's government
They were the two most powerful magistrates
The Roman Senate
Was a council of wealthy and powerful Romans that advised the city's leader
To prohibit actions; means to forbid
the Romans language
Checks and Balances
Are to keep any one part of the government from becoming stronger or more influential than any other part
Rome's public meeting place
Groups of about 6,000 soldiers
The Punic Wars
A series of wars against Carthage (a city in northern Africa)
A brilliant general
He was a consul
Lucius Cornelius Sulla
Was a politician that became a consul in 88 BC
Was a former gladiator that led slave rebellion and demanded freedom
Where is Italy located?
Italy is located in the Mediterranean sea in Europe
How did mountains affect life in Italy?
They affected life in Italy because the mountains were good for defense
How do you think Rome's location on the Mediterranean affected history as it began to grow into a world power?
i think Rome's location did affect its history as it became a world power because the sea provided a resource of water which helps grow crops
What brothers suposedly founded the city of Rome?
Romulus and Remus found the city of Rome
What role did a Aeneas play in the founding of Rome?
Aeneas was a great trojan hero who took his followers and fled them to Italy. He also formed an alliance with the latins and fought off the other people of Rome
What type of government did the Romans create in 509 BC?
In 509 BC the Roman's created a republic
How were the patricians and the plebeians different?
They were different because the patricians were wealthy and powrful nobles and controlled all of the government when plebeians were common people, peasants, traders and the majority of them made up the population
Who were the consuls?
The consuls were the two most powerful magistrates that were elected each year to run the city and lead the army
Why did the Roman's create a system of checks and balances?
The Roman's created a system of checks and balances to keep any one part of the government from becoming stronger or more influential than the others
How do you think the Roman Senate gained power?
I think that the Roman senate gained power because the senate served for life and took control over the city's finances
What was Rome's first written law code called?
The Roman's first written law code was called The Law of Twelve Tables
Why did the Roman's want their laws written down?
They wanted their laws written down because they didnt want to get punished for breaking laws that they didnt even know existed
What kinds of activities took place in the Roman Forum?
The activities that took place were meetings, public speeches, gladiator fights and shopping.
What was a Roman legion?
A Roman legion was a group of about to 6,000 soldiers
Why did the Roman's decide to conquer all of Italy?
They decided to conquer all of Italy because they kept getting attacked and wanted to conquer all of the areas around them
How did the growth of territory help increase Roman trade?
The growth of territory helped increase Roman trade because merchants brought food from other parts of the Mediterranean since they couldnt grow enough food to support the city's increasing population
Who fought in the Punic Wars?
The Romans and the Carthagineans fought in the Punic Wars
What led to the begining of the Punic Wars?
What led to the Punic Wars was when Carthage sent their armies to Sicily and in response the Romans also sent their armies to Sicily and forced their enemies out
Why do you think the Romans borrowed many ideas from Greek culture?
I think that the Romans borrowed mainy ideas from the greek culture because they had good ideas and they conquered greece
Who was Spartacus?
Spartacus was a gladiator thar demanded freedom
How did the death of the Gracchus brothers change Roman politics?
The deaths of the Gracchus brothers changed the roman politics because the citizens attacked their leaders in which they disagreed with
What are the two legends that describe Rome's founding? How are they connected?
The two legends that describe Rome's founding are the legend of Aeneas and the legend of Romulus and Remus.
They are connected because Romulus and Remus were descendants of Aeneas that went to Italy.
What roles did the plebeians and the patricians take in the early Roman government? In what other ways were the two groups different?
The plebeians and patricians took part in the early government by the plebeians wanting more of a say in how the city was run. The patricians also took part in the early goverment because they ran Rome and held all the political power. They also changed the government since the plebeians wanted more of a say in how the government was run. The two groups were different because plebeians were common people, traders and patricians were wealthy and pwerful nobles
How do you think Italy's geography and Rome's location would affect the spread of Rome's influence?
I think it would affect Rome's spread of influence because they were in the middle of the Mediterranean region and had access to all surrounding countries
What were the three parts of Rome's government?
The three parts were the magistrates, consuls and the Roman Senate
How do checks and balances protect the rights of people? How do written laws do the same thing?
Checks and balances and also written laws protect the rights of people because your balancing the three parts of the government so no one's to powerful.
What difficulties did Hannibal, Lucius Cornelius Sulla, and Spartacus cause for Rome?
They all brought war to Rome
How did Roman occupations, economics, and society change during the late republic?
It changed because the plebeians had more rights, there were more wars happening and there was trade
Some historians say that Rome and Carthage were destined to fight each other. Why do you think they say this?
I think that Rome and Carthage were destined to fight each other because they both wanted to expand their nation
Why did Roman magistrates only hold office for one year?
The magistrates only held office for one year so that they wouldnt be to powerful
How do you think Rome's location helped the Romans in their quest to conquer the entire Mediterranean region?
I think Rome's location helped the romans because they were in the center of the Mediterranean region and had access to different countries
main; most important
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