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Chapter 26 Terms (History)
Terms in this set (27)
a Russian communist revolutionary, politician and political theorist. He served as head of government of Soviet Russia from 1917 to 1924 and of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1924.
Dictatorship of the Proletariat
In Marxist sociopolitical thought, this refers to a state in which the proletariat, or the working class, has control of political power.
During the Russian Civil War, the white army was a loose confederation of Anti-Communist forces that fought the Bolsheviks, the White movement was a big tent political movement, representing an array of political opinions in Russia united in their opposition to the Bolsheviks;
The Bolsheviks raised an army to oppose the military confederations known as the White Army of their adversaries during the Russian Civil War. It is also known as The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army.
Treaty of Brest Litovsk
The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was a peace treaty signed on 3 March 1918 between the new Bolshevik government of Soviet Russia and the Central Powers, that ended Russia's participation in World War I.
War Communism was the name given to the economic system that existed in Russia from 1918 to 1921. War Communism was introduced by Lenin to combat the economic problems brought on by the civil war in Russia. It was a combination of emergency measures and socialist dogma.
New Economic Policy
Outlined by Lenin in March 1921, Private industry would be tolerated except for in : Banking, Heavy Industry, Transportation International Commerce, Peasant farming for profit was legalized. The countryside stabilized.
Comintern was an international communist organization that advocated world communism. The purpose of Comintern was to overthrow of the international bourgeoisie and the creation of an international Soviet republic as a transition stage to the complete abolition of the state
Secret police set up by Lenin-arrested "enemies of the revolution"
The Kronstadt rebellion was a major unsuccessful uprising against the Bolsheviks in March 1921, during the later years of the Russian Civil War. The rebellion was one of the reasons for Lenin's and the Communist Party's decision to loosen its control of the Russian economy by implementing the New Economic Policy
organized the Red Army to suppress both internal and foreign opposition. White Russian opposition could not get properly organized.
general secretary of the party, Faction. Lenin had criticized both before his death, but especially Stalin. His position of general secretary allowed him to amass bureaucratic and administrative power.
A communist party is a political party that advocates the application of the social and economic principles of communism through state policy.According to Lenin, a Communist party is the vanguard party of the working class (proletariat), whether ruling or non-ruling, but when such a party is in power in a specific country, the party is said to be the highest authority of the dictatorship of the proletariat.
The war divides this party. The party becomes divided between supporters of David Lloyd George and Herbert Asquith. Because of their division, were not able to win many seats in Parliament. George is eventually replaced with a conservative as prime minister
Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of Versailles was a peace treaty that brought World War I to an end. The Treaty ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. The treaty stated that Germany had to accept the responsibility of Germany and her allies for causing all the loss and damage during the war.
League of Nations
The League of Nations was an intergovernmental organisation founded on 10 January 1920 as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.It was the first international organisation whose principal mission was to maintain world peace. Its primary goals, as stated in its Covenant, included preventing wars through collective security and disarmament and settling international disputes through negotiation and arbitration
Invasion of Ruhr
To get war payments from Germany, the French government ordered its troops to occupy this land of Germany's mining and manufacturing district; in response, the German government ordered resistance; this led to a strike.
major crisis of the period, borrowing to finance the war and continued postwar deficit spending generated an immense rise in prices, value of German currency fell, the French invasion of the Ruhr in January 1923 and the German response of economic passive resistance produced cataclysmic inflation, the printing presses had difficulty providing enough paper currency to keep up with the daily rise in prices
an attempt in 1924 to solve the World War I reparations problem that Germany had to pay, which had bedevilled international politics following World War I and the Treaty of Versailles.
The Locarno Pact
seven agreements negotiated at Locarno, Switzerland, in which the First World War Western European Allied powers and the new states of Central and Eastern Europe sought to secure the post-war territorial settlement, and return normalizing relations with defeated Germany.
The European powers, Japan and the United States agree to renounce "war as an instrument of national policy."
Italian Fasci Di Combattimento, "Bands of Combat," founded in 1919 in Milan.
Fascist Governments were anti-Democratic, Anti-Marxist, anti-Parliamentary and frequently anti-Semitic. Rejected Liberalism. Dictatorial, Founded in Italy Benito Mussolini
Italian fascists under Mussolini march on Rome. King Victor Emmanuel refuses to sign a decree that would allow the army to stop them.
King Victor Emmanuel
King of Italy from 29 July 1900 until his abdication on 9 May 1946. In addition, he claimed the thrones of Ethiopia and Albania as Emperor of Ethiopia and King of the Albanians
agreements made in 1929 between the Kingdom of Italy and the Holy See, settling the "Roman Question"
is the sociopolitical organization of a society by major interest groups, known as corporate groups such as agricultural, business, ethnic, labour, military, patronage, or scientific affiliations, on the basis of their common interests.
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