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Protestant Englands early colonial ambitions were fueled by its religious rivalry with Catholic Spain


The earliest English colonization efforts experiences surprising success


The defeat of the Spanish Armada was important to North American colonization because it enabled England to conquer Spain's New World empire.


Among the English citizens most interested in colonization were unemployed yeomen and the younger sons of the gentry


Originally, the primary purpose of the joint-stock Virginia Company was to provide for the well being of the freeborn English settlers in the colony.


The defeat of Powhatans Indian forces in Virginia was achieved partly by Lord De La Warr's use of brutal Irish tactics


The primary factor distrupting Indian cultures in the early years of English settlement was the introduction of Christianity


The Maryland colony was founded to establish a religious refuge for persecuted English Quakers


From the time of its founding, South Carolina had close economic ties with the British West Indies


The principal export crop of the Carolinas in the early 1700's was wheat


South Carolina prospered partly by selling African slaves in the West Indies


In their early years, North Carolina and Georgia avoided reliance on slavery


Compared with its neighbors Virginia and South Carolina, North Carolina was more democratic and individualistic in social outlook


Britain valued the Georgia colony primarily as a rich source of gold and timber


All the southern colonies eventually came to rely on staple-crop plantation agriculture for their economic prosperity

Queen Elizabeth

After decades of religious turmoil, Protestantism finally gained permanent dominance in England after the succession to the throne of


Imperial England and English soldies developed a contemptuous attitude toward "natives" partly through their colonizing experiences in

dominance of the Atlantic Ocean and a vibrant sense of nationalism

Englands victory over the Spanish Armada gave it

was undergoing rapid economic and social transformations

At the time of the first colonization efforts, England

uprooted sheep farmers from eastern and western England

Many of the early Puritan settlers of America were

was saved from failure by John Smith's leadership and by John Rolfe's introduction of tobacco

Englands first colony at Jamestown


Representative government was first introduced to America in the colony of

Virginia was founded mainly as an economic venture, while maryland was intended partly to secure religious freedom for persecuted Roman Catholics

one important difference between the founding of the Virginia and Maryland colonies was that

Protestants and Catholics

After the Act of Toleration in 1649, Maryland provided religious freedom for all

the civil war in England

The primary reason that no new colonies were founded between 1634 and 1670 was

the forced separation of the Indians into the separate territories of the "reservation system"

The early conflicts between English settlers and the Indians near Jamestown laid the basis for

the interior Appalachian tribes who used their advantages of time, space and numbers to create a middle ground of economic and cultural interaction

The indian peoples who most successfully adapted to the European incursion were

the powerful creeks, Cherokees and Iroquois remained in the Appalachian Mountains as a barrier against white settlement

After the defeat of the coastal Tuscarora and Yamasee Indians by North Carolinians in 1711-1715.

Religious dissenters and poor whites fleeing aristocratic Virginia

Most of the early white settlers in North Carolina were

prison reform and avoiding slavery

The high-minded philanthropists who founded the Georgia colony were especially interested in the causes of


Indian leader who rules tribes in the james river area of Virginia

Raleigh and Gilbert

Elizabethan courtiers who failed in their attempts to found new World colonies


The failed "lost colony" founded by Sir Walter Raleigh

Smith and Rolfe

Virginia leader "saved" by pocahantas and the prominent settler who married her


Colony that established a House of Burgesses in 1619


Founded as a haven for Roman catholics

Lord De La Warr

Harsh military governor of virginia who employed "Irish Tactics" against the indians

Jamaica and Barbados

British west indian sugar colonies where large-scale plantations and slavery took root

Lord Baltimore

The catholic aristocrat who sought to build a sanctuary for his fellow believers

South Carolina

colony that turned to disease resistant African slaves for labor in its extensive rice plantations

North Carolina

colony that was called "a vale of humility between two mountains of conceit"


Founded as a refuge for debtors by philanthropists

James Oglethorpe

Philanthropic solder-statesman who founded the Georgia Colony

Elizabeth 1

The unmarried rule who established English Protestantism and fought the Catholic Spanish


Riverbank site where Virginia Company settlers planted the first permanent English colony

Cause - The English victory over the Spanish Armada

Enabled England to gain contorl of the North Atlantic Sea Lanes

Cause - The English lasw of Primogeniture

Leg many younger sons of the gentry to seek their fortunes in exploration and colonization

Cause - The enclosing of English pastures and cropland

Forced numerous laborers off the land and sent them looking for opportunities elsewhere

Cause - Lord De La warr's use of Brutal "Irish Tactics" in Viriginia

Led to the two anglo-Powhatan wars that virtually exterminated Virginia's Indian Population

Cause - The English govenrments persecution of Roman Catholics

Led Lord Baltimore to establish the maryland colony

cause - The slave codes of Englans Barbados Colony

Became the legal basis for slavery in North America

Cause - John Smith's stern leadership in Virginia

Forced gold hungry colonists to work and saved them from total starvation

Cause - The English settlers near destruction of small indian tribes

contributed to the formation of powerful Indian coalitions like the Iroquois and the Algonquins

Cause - The flight of poor farms and religious dessenters from planter-run Virginia

Led to the founding of the Independant minded North Carolina colony

Cause - Georgia's unhealthy climate, restrictions on slavery, and vulnerability to Spanish attacks

kept the buffer colony poor and largely unpopulated for a long time

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