55 terms


Protestant Englands early colonial ambitions were fueled by its religious rivalry with Catholic Spain
The earliest English colonization efforts experiences surprising success
The defeat of the Spanish Armada was important to North American colonization because it enabled England to conquer Spain's New World empire.
Among the English citizens most interested in colonization were unemployed yeomen and the younger sons of the gentry
Originally, the primary purpose of the joint-stock Virginia Company was to provide for the well being of the freeborn English settlers in the colony.
The defeat of Powhatans Indian forces in Virginia was achieved partly by Lord De La Warr's use of brutal Irish tactics
The primary factor distrupting Indian cultures in the early years of English settlement was the introduction of Christianity
The Maryland colony was founded to establish a religious refuge for persecuted English Quakers
From the time of its founding, South Carolina had close economic ties with the British West Indies
The principal export crop of the Carolinas in the early 1700's was wheat
South Carolina prospered partly by selling African slaves in the West Indies
In their early years, North Carolina and Georgia avoided reliance on slavery
Compared with its neighbors Virginia and South Carolina, North Carolina was more democratic and individualistic in social outlook
Britain valued the Georgia colony primarily as a rich source of gold and timber
All the southern colonies eventually came to rely on staple-crop plantation agriculture for their economic prosperity
Queen Elizabeth
After decades of religious turmoil, Protestantism finally gained permanent dominance in England after the succession to the throne of
Imperial England and English soldies developed a contemptuous attitude toward "natives" partly through their colonizing experiences in
dominance of the Atlantic Ocean and a vibrant sense of nationalism
Englands victory over the Spanish Armada gave it
was undergoing rapid economic and social transformations
At the time of the first colonization efforts, England
uprooted sheep farmers from eastern and western England
Many of the early Puritan settlers of America were
was saved from failure by John Smith's leadership and by John Rolfe's introduction of tobacco
Englands first colony at Jamestown
Representative government was first introduced to America in the colony of
Virginia was founded mainly as an economic venture, while maryland was intended partly to secure religious freedom for persecuted Roman Catholics
one important difference between the founding of the Virginia and Maryland colonies was that
Protestants and Catholics
After the Act of Toleration in 1649, Maryland provided religious freedom for all
the civil war in England
The primary reason that no new colonies were founded between 1634 and 1670 was
the forced separation of the Indians into the separate territories of the "reservation system"
The early conflicts between English settlers and the Indians near Jamestown laid the basis for
the interior Appalachian tribes who used their advantages of time, space and numbers to create a middle ground of economic and cultural interaction
The indian peoples who most successfully adapted to the European incursion were
the powerful creeks, Cherokees and Iroquois remained in the Appalachian Mountains as a barrier against white settlement
After the defeat of the coastal Tuscarora and Yamasee Indians by North Carolinians in 1711-1715.
Religious dissenters and poor whites fleeing aristocratic Virginia
Most of the early white settlers in North Carolina were
prison reform and avoiding slavery
The high-minded philanthropists who founded the Georgia colony were especially interested in the causes of
Indian leader who rules tribes in the james river area of Virginia
Raleigh and Gilbert
Elizabethan courtiers who failed in their attempts to found new World colonies
The failed "lost colony" founded by Sir Walter Raleigh
Smith and Rolfe
Virginia leader "saved" by pocahantas and the prominent settler who married her
Colony that established a House of Burgesses in 1619
Founded as a haven for Roman catholics
Lord De La Warr
Harsh military governor of virginia who employed "Irish Tactics" against the indians
Jamaica and Barbados
British west indian sugar colonies where large-scale plantations and slavery took root
Lord Baltimore
The catholic aristocrat who sought to build a sanctuary for his fellow believers
South Carolina
colony that turned to disease resistant African slaves for labor in its extensive rice plantations
North Carolina
colony that was called "a vale of humility between two mountains of conceit"
Founded as a refuge for debtors by philanthropists
James Oglethorpe
Philanthropic solder-statesman who founded the Georgia Colony
Elizabeth 1
The unmarried rule who established English Protestantism and fought the Catholic Spanish
Riverbank site where Virginia Company settlers planted the first permanent English colony
Cause - The English victory over the Spanish Armada
Enabled England to gain contorl of the North Atlantic Sea Lanes
Cause - The English lasw of Primogeniture
Leg many younger sons of the gentry to seek their fortunes in exploration and colonization
Cause - The enclosing of English pastures and cropland
Forced numerous laborers off the land and sent them looking for opportunities elsewhere
Cause - Lord De La warr's use of Brutal "Irish Tactics" in Viriginia
Led to the two anglo-Powhatan wars that virtually exterminated Virginia's Indian Population
Cause - The English govenrments persecution of Roman Catholics
Led Lord Baltimore to establish the maryland colony
cause - The slave codes of Englans Barbados Colony
Became the legal basis for slavery in North America
Cause - John Smith's stern leadership in Virginia
Forced gold hungry colonists to work and saved them from total starvation
Cause - The English settlers near destruction of small indian tribes
contributed to the formation of powerful Indian coalitions like the Iroquois and the Algonquins
Cause - The flight of poor farms and religious dessenters from planter-run Virginia
Led to the founding of the Independant minded North Carolina colony
Cause - Georgia's unhealthy climate, restrictions on slavery, and vulnerability to Spanish attacks
kept the buffer colony poor and largely unpopulated for a long time