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82 terms

Combo with Literary terms Other - Decubellis and 4 others

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PLAY
Anecdote
a brief account of an interesting or funny occurrence
Antecedent
a word that is replaced by a pronoun. Ex: The dog lost her collar. "Her" is the pronoun that replaces the antecedent "dog"
Content
the meaning or significance of a literary or artistic work
Dramatic irony
when the audience or reader knows something the character does not
Dynamic
characterized by continuous change, activity or progress
Fiction
an invented story, poem or play
Literature
novels, stories, poems, and plays of high standards that entertain, inform, stimulate, etc.
Objective
uninfluenced by emotions or personal prejudices. Opposite of subjective
Parody
humorous, light-hearted mimicry of a subject. A spoof like on SNL
Pun
a play on words that uses a double meaning for humorous effect
Satire
humorous ridiculing of a subject which is used to draw attention to a serious social problem
Short story
a brief work of narrative prose typically intended to be read in one sitting
Situational irony
when the opposite of what is expected to happen, happens
Subjective
opposite of objective. Particular to a given person's opinion, can be influenced by personal feelings.
Genre
a category of literature. Ex. Poetry, myths, drama, short stories, novels
Verbal irony
when a person means the opposite of what he says
Allegory
A genre In literature which uses characters or images to stand directly for an abstract idea. (George Orwell's Animal Farm)
Alliteration
repetition of consonant sounds
Allusion
reference to a familiar person or event often from literature, mythology or religion. Often helps to establish tone.
Archetype
a universal symbol or pattern recognized by everyone (we all recognize that a circle represents wholeness)
Diction
word choice
Double entendre
clever use of words to create a double meaning
Figurative language
a creative use of a sound, word or phrase which helps the reader imagine or experience an idea in a new non-literal way
Hyperbole
a deliberate overstatement. (This bag weighs a ton)
Imagery
figurative language meant to create a mental picture
Infer
to draw a reasonable conclusion from something that is suggested
Juxtaposition
the act of placing two things close together for the sake of comparison
Literal meaning
plain factual meaning. Contrasts with figurative.
Metaphor
a figure of speech in which a word or phrase that usually means one thing is used to represent another.(He SHOWERED her with gifts.)
Onomatopoeia
words whose spelling captures a sound associated with it. Ex: sizzle, woof
Personification
when an author give human traits to animals, concepts or inanimate objects
Phallic symbol
an image shaped similar to the penis (stick, rocket, etc) that stands for masculinity or domination
Poetic license
the practice of violating rules, expectations or conventions to achieve a desired effect in literature
Simile
a comparison using the words "like" or "as"
Symbol
in literature, something that stands for or means something else and creates rich new meanings
Yonnic symbol
an image shaped similar to the vagina such as a cup, cave or tunnel which stands for femininity and reproductive power
Audience
The intended reader of a work of fiction or nonfiction.
First person point of view
when the narrator uses "I" to tell the story. May be a character or an observer
First person narrative
the narrator uses "I" while describing his or her OWN experiences, thoughts or feelings
Limited omniscient point of view
occurs when the narrator can relay one or two character's feelings, motivations and thoughts
Mood
the feeling created in a work of literature
Motif
central theme that runs throughout a story
Non-linear narrative
when an author presents the story's occurrences and characters out of order
Objective third person narration
occurs when the narrator merely observes actions and behaviors and relays no character's feelings, motivations or thoughts
Omniscient narrator
a from of third person narration in which the narrator tells things that cannot be known by any of the characters
Poetic justice
When a character's punishment ironically suits his or her wrongdoing
Prose
distinct from poetry, writing that varies in rhythm and is more like ordinary speech
Point of view
the perspective from which a story is narrated
Tone
the attitude a writer takes toward his subject (ex. a poem's tone might be somber, playful, ironic)...not to be confused with mood
Understatement
intentionally representing something as less than it is, for ironic emphasis or for politeness' sake
Unreliable narrator
First person narrator who gives an inaccurate account of events and characters of the story.
Persona
the voice of the narrator which could be a character in the story or an onlooker. Not to be confused with the writer herself.
Verisimilitude
the illusion of reality a work of fiction creates
Novel
a long work of fictional prose
Anlalogy
A form of inference based on the assumption that if two things are alike in some respects, they mus be alike in others. Tree is to maple as car is to Toyota.Dog is to bark as cat is to meow
Antagonist
the major character opposing a hero or a protagonist
Anti-hero
a protagonist who does not exhibit traditionally heroic qualities...like courage.
Dialect
the unique sounds, spellings, words and word order contained in the speech of a particular group or class of characters. "How y'all doin'!"
Direct characterization
what a reliable narrator tells about a character's personality. So the reader does not have to infer it
Dynamic character
A character going through continuous change, progress, growth
Epiphany
a sudden, profound realization or insight often triggered by a common everyday experience
Flat character
a character without complexities ..opposite of round character
Foil
a character that makes another character look better by contrast
Foreshadowing
a subtle hint of what will occur later in the plot, meant to arouse interest in careful readers
Hero
a character, often the protagonist, who exhibits qualities such as courage, idealism, and honesty
Indirect characterization
through the character's own Speech, Thoughts, Effects on others, Actions and Looks, the characters personality is revealed without actually being told by the author. (STEAL) Also revealed by other characters Speech, Thoughts, Actions and Reactions to the character.(STAR)
Metaplasmus
intentionally misspelling a word to render dialect or speech patterns more realistically
Protagonist
the main character of a story - usually the hero
Round character
a well-developed character with real life complexities evident in how he/she confronts conflict. (not same as dynamic)
Static
fixed or unchanging character (opposite of dynamic)
Stereotype character
a character who behaves consistently with commonly held assumptions of racial, ethnic, religious or social background (Ex. Italian mobster)
Form
the design, shape, structure, or pattern of a work of literature
Denouement
the events following a climax but before the resolution...AKA falling action
Climax
the point of high emotional intensity at which a story or play reaches its peak
Conflict
the rising action of a story which can be of several types: Man vs. man, man vs. society, man vs. nature, man vs. self, man vs. fate, man vs. technology
Exposition
first part of plot that reveals the setting, sets tone, introduces characters (THE BACKGROUND)
Flashback
when the writer interrupts the storytelling in the present too relay past events through narration, dream sequences, memories
Freytag's pyramid
A triangular diagram which outlines traditional, linear plot structure with the climax at its peak
Plot
the organization of incidents in a story. Introduction, rising action, climax, falling action (denouement), conclusion
Theme
the central idea, message or life lesson of a work of fiction. A theme is typically found through INFERENCE
Twist
an unexpected change of course which surprises the reader
Setting
the time, place and circumstances in which a story, drama or film takes place.