PHED-170 Volleyball: Study Guide 1

Terms in this set (6)

A. Competitive teams master six basic skills: serve, pass, set, attack, block and dig.
B. Each of these skills comprises a number of specific techniques that have been introduced over the years and are now considered standard practice in high-level volleyball.
C. Serve - A player stands behind the inline and serves the ball, in an attempt to drive it into the opponent's court. His or her main objective is to make it land inside the court; it is also desirable to set the ball's direction, speed and acceleration so that it becomes difficult for the receiver to handle it properly. A serve is called an "ace" when the ball lands directly onto the court or travels outside the court after being touched by an opponent.
D. Pass - Also called reception, the pass is the attempt by a team to properly handle the opponent's serve, or any form of attack.
E. Proper handling includes not only preventing the ball from touching the court, but also making it reach the position where the setter is standing quickly and precisely.
F. The skill of passing involves fundamentally two specific techniques: underarm pass, or bump, where the ball touches the inside part of the joined forearms or platform, at waist line; and
G. overhand pass, where it is handled with the fingertips, like a set, above the head.
H. Set - is usually the second contact that a team makes with the ball.
I. The main goal of setting is to put the ball in the air in such a way that it can be driven by an attack into the opponent's court.
J. The setter coordinates the offensive movements of a team, and is the player who ultimately decides which player will actually attack the ball.
K. Attack - The attack (or spike, the slang term) is usually the third contact a team makes with the ball.
L. A player makes a series of steps (the "approach"), jumps, and swings at the ball.
M. A "kill" is the slang term for an attack that is not returned by the other team thus resulting in a point.
N. Block - refers to the actions taken by players standing at the net to stop or alter an opponent's attack.
O. A block that is aimed at completely stopping an attack, thus making the ball remain in the opponent's court, is called offensive
P. By contrast, it is called a defensive, or "soft" block if the goal is to control and deflect the hard-driven ball up so that it slows down and becomes more easy to be defended.
Q. Dig - is the ability to prevent the ball from touching one's court after a spike or attack, particularly a ball that is nearly touching the ground.
R. In many aspects, this skill is similar to passing, or bumping:
S. overhand dig and bump are also used to distinguish between defensive actions taken with fingertips or with joined arms.