PHED-170 Volleyball: Study Guide 1
Terms in this set (6)
A. When the ball contacts the floor within the court boundaries or an error is made, the team that did not make the error is awarded a point, whether they served the ball or not
B. The team that wins the rally serves for the next point.
C. If the team that won the point served in the previous point, the same player serves again.
D. If the team that won the point did not serve the previous point, the players of the team rotate their position on the court in a clockwise manner.
E. The game continues, with the first team to score 25 points (and be two points ahead) awarded the set.
A. Competitive teams master six basic skills: serve, pass, set, attack, block and dig.
B. Each of these skills comprises a number of specific techniques that have been introduced over the years and are now considered standard practice in high-level volleyball.
C. Serve - A player stands behind the inline and serves the ball, in an attempt to drive it into the opponent's court. His or her main objective is to make it land inside the court; it is also desirable to set the ball's direction, speed and acceleration so that it becomes difficult for the receiver to handle it properly. A serve is called an "ace" when the ball lands directly onto the court or travels outside the court after being touched by an opponent.
D. Pass - Also called reception, the pass is the attempt by a team to properly handle the opponent's serve, or any form of attack.
E. Proper handling includes not only preventing the ball from touching the court, but also making it reach the position where the setter is standing quickly and precisely.
F. The skill of passing involves fundamentally two specific techniques: underarm pass, or bump, where the ball touches the inside part of the joined forearms or platform, at waist line; and
G. overhand pass, where it is handled with the fingertips, like a set, above the head.
H. Set - is usually the second contact that a team makes with the ball.
I. The main goal of setting is to put the ball in the air in such a way that it can be driven by an attack into the opponent's court.
J. The setter coordinates the offensive movements of a team, and is the player who ultimately decides which player will actually attack the ball.
K. Attack - The attack (or spike, the slang term) is usually the third contact a team makes with the ball.
L. A player makes a series of steps (the "approach"), jumps, and swings at the ball.
M. A "kill" is the slang term for an attack that is not returned by the other team thus resulting in a point.
N. Block - refers to the actions taken by players standing at the net to stop or alter an opponent's attack.
O. A block that is aimed at completely stopping an attack, thus making the ball remain in the opponent's court, is called offensive
P. By contrast, it is called a defensive, or "soft" block if the goal is to control and deflect the hard-driven ball up so that it slows down and becomes more easy to be defended.
Q. Dig - is the ability to prevent the ball from touching one's court after a spike or attack, particularly a ball that is nearly touching the ground.
R. In many aspects, this skill is similar to passing, or bumping:
S. overhand dig and bump are also used to distinguish between defensive actions taken with fingertips or with joined arms.
A. The game is played on a volleyball court 18 meters (59 feet) long and 9 meters (29.5 feet) wide, divided into two 9 m × 9 m halves by a one-meter (40-inch) wide net placed so that the top of the net is 2.43 meters (7 feet 11 5/8 inches) above the center of the court for men's competition, and 2.24 meters (7 feet 4 1/8 inches) for women's competition (these heights are varied for veterans and junior competitions).
B. There is a line 3 meters from and parallel to the net in each team court which is considered the "attack line".
C. This "3 meter" (or 10 foot) line divides the court into "back row" and "front row" areas (also back court and front court).
D. These are in turn divided into 3 areas each: these are numbered as follows, starting from area "1", which is the position of the serving player:
E. After a team gains the serve (also known as siding out), its members must rotate in a clockwise direction,
F. with the player previously in area "2" moving to area "1" and so on, with the player from area "1" moving to area "6". (1, 6, 5, 4, 3, 2)
A. There are 5 positions filled on every volleyball team at the elite level.
B. Setter, Outside Hitter/Left Side Hitter, Middle Hitter/Blocker, Opposite Hitter/Right Side Hitter and Libero/Defensive Specialist.
C. Each of these positions plays a specific, key role in winning a volleyball match.
The most frequent errors
A. failure to return the ball over the net within the allowed three touches,
B. or to cause the ball to land outside the court.
A. On February 9, 1895, in Holyoke Massachusetts, (USA), William G Morgan, a YMCA physical education director, created a new game called Mintonette as a pastime to be played preferably indoors and by any number of players.
B. Alfred Halstead, noticed the volleying nature of the game at its first exhibition match in 1896, played at the International YMCA Training School (now called Sprinfield College), the game quickly became known as volleyball.