Unit 4 Classical Greece Chapter 9 Content
Terms in this set (37)
High place in the city. The most famous is in Athens. Every Greek city had one.
A public open space used for assemblies and markets.
Alexander the Great
Son of King Phillip of Macedonia. Lived from 356-323 B.C. Conquered the Greeks, Egypt, Syria, Persia, and even part of India. Built the largest empire the world had ever seen.
An agreement to work together.
Greek scientist, inventor, and mathematician
Invented a water screw to bring water from a lower level to a higher one in the 200s BC.
Greek dramatist remembered for his comedies (448-380 BC). He used his comedy to make serious points about war, courts of law, and famous people.
Student of Plato. Teacher of Alexander the Great.. Taught logic. Believed that people should live lives of moderation based on reason.
Aeschylus and Sophocles
Among the best tragedy writers in ancient Greece.
In addition to valuing physical training, this Greek city-state valued education, clear thinking, and the arts.
A unit of soldiers who ride horses. Cyrus used his to charge the enemy and shoot at them with arrows.
The small, independent countries that developed in ancient Greece. Each had its own army, laws, and form of government.
Cyrus the Great
When this Persian leader died around 529 BC, he ruled the largest empire the world had ever seen. He let the people he conquered keep their own customs hoping they would be less likely to rebel.
Restored order to the Persian Empire, built new roads and a new capital called Persepolis,
Alliance between Athens and many of its allied city-states
Great and influential mathematician
Considered to be the father of geometry, the study of lines, angles, and shapes.
Name for the blended culture that developed in Alexander's empire. Blended culture that was not purely Greek, but heavily influenced by Greek ideas.
Father of medicine
Wanted to cure diseases and keep people healthy.
Where the Greeks defeated a larger Persian force by luring the Persians into the middle of their forces. The Athenians then surrounded and defeated the Persians.
A war between the two great Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta in the 400s BC
Temple to Athena was built in the 400s BC on the Athenian acropolis. Designed to be magnificent on the outside and inside which was was decorated with carvings and columns.
Created and led by Sparta. Consisted of Sparta and Sparta's allies.
A series of wars between the Greeks and Persians.
502 BC - 449 BC
A group of soldiers, standing or moving in close formation
King of Macedonia. About 360 B.C. he invaded Athens and won easily. The rest of Greece surrendered. Planned to conquer Persia, but he was murdered in 336 BC and his throne passed to his 20-year-old son Alexander.
An organized system of thought
A system of beliefs and values
From the Greek for "love of wisdom"
Student of Socrates. Founded the Academy. Disliked democracy and wrote the The Republic about the perfectly governed society.
Greek for city-state (plural poli)
Clear and ordered thinking taught by Aristotle.
The Greeks destroyed the Persian navy by attacking in this narrow strait where the Persian ships could not maneuver well.
Name of Persian govenors that ruled the 20 provinces that Darius I organized.
Founder of Western philosophy .
Famous for asking questions.
Sentenced to death for corrupting Athens youth.
Built a military society to provide security and protection
For three days a small Greek force held off the Persian army in this narrow mountain pass, slowing the Persian progress in attacking Greek cities.
One of the greatest of the Greek historians.
His history of the Peloponnesian War was based in part on his experiences as an Athenian soldier but he tried to be neutral in his writing.
A form of government in which the ruling power is in the hands of an individual who has seized control often by illegal means.
Persian emperor who led the second invasion of Greece in 480 BC.
A new religion that arose in the Persian Empire under Darius' rule that taught that there were two forces fighting for con-trol of the universe. One force was good, and the other was evil.
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