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A step-by-step procedure for solving a problem, especially by a computer.


The use of technology to ease human labor or to extend the mental or physical capabilities of humans.


In robotics, a tiny computer that acts as the robot's brain and contains the computer program.

Computer program

In robotics, a set of coded instructions the robot must follow.


The process of detecting and eliminating a device's malfunctions.


A social science that deals with production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.


Containing, producing, arising from, or actuated by electricity.

End effector

The component of a robot that comes into contact with the work piece and does the actual work on it. Also known as the hand.


Conforming to an established set of principles or accepted professional standards of conduct.


A building or set of buildings with facilities for manufacturing or producing goods.


Operated by the action of water or other fluids.


The effect or influence of one thing on another. Some impacts are anticipated, and others are unanticipated.


Some factor that restricts the scope of activity or accomplishment.


The upkeep of industrial facilities and equipment and/or software.


An arm-like mechanism on a robotic system which grabs and moves objects with a number of degrees of freedom under automatic control.

Power supply

In robotics, provides power to the robot; may supply electricity, hydraulic power, or pneumatic power.


Pertaining to or operated by air or other gas.


A person who writes and tests computer programs.


The rewriting or revising of a sequence of instructions, especially a computer program.


A robot is a machine that performs complicated tasks and is guided by automatic controls.


Technology dealing with the design, construction, and operation of robots in automation.


A community, nation, or broad grouping of people having common traditions, institutions, and collective activities and interests.


A balancing of factors, all of which are not attainable at the same time; giving up of one thing in return for another.


The process of locating trouble and making repairs in machinery and technical equipment.


The people available for work in a particular area, firm, or industry.

Work Envelope

The space within which a robotic arm can move.

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