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Art Appreciation Test 1
Terms in this set (38)
What are actual and implied lines and shapes?
actual lines: lines that can be clearly seen as continuous marks
implied lines: gives us the impression we are seeing a line where there is no continuous mark
implied shapes: a shape where no continuous boundary exists
What is the function of directional and/or implied lines in a painting?
Directional lines: direct our attention to something he or she wants us to notice
Implied lines: influence visual rhythms that add to the excitement of the design; used to guide a viewer's eye as it scans the canvas
What is a positive shape (figure) and a negative space (ground)? How is the negative space an important aspect of the Fedex logo?
What are the most important points discussed in class, when we talked about the collage "Baby Blocks" by Miriam Schapiro? What is high art and what is low art according to the general perception of the art world?
What are actual and implied textures? What kind of texture is seen in a 2- dimensional art (painting) and what kind of texture is seen about 3-dimensional art (sculpture)?
Texture: the surface quality of objects
Two-dimensional works represent implied texture and three-dimensional works possess actual texture
What are mass and open volume when referring to sculptures? Look at one textbook example of each.
Mass: the expression that a volume is solid and occupies space, whether it is a large pyramid or a small pebble
Open volume: a sculpture may occupy a large space, but it may not possess a large amount of mass, rather the space feels airy or light
What are chiaroscuro, highlight, and cast shadow?
Chiaroscuro: (light + dark) usually refers to a gradual gradation of light and shade
What is perspective? What kind of perspective does an artist use in a landscape with trees, vast lands and hills? What kind of perspective an artist would use to draw an urban landscape with buildings?
Perspective: creating a 3D illusion on a 2D plane
Atmospheric: used in a landscape with trees, vast lands, and hills
Linear: used to draw an urban landscape with buildings
If a cube is drawn in one-point perspective and two-point perspective - what would be the main difference between them?
In one-point, one plane of the object would be parallel to the viewer. In two-point, none of the planes would be parallel to the viewer.
The words, "bird's view" and "worm's view" are associated with which perspective?
What is foreshortening?
A perspective technique that depicts a form at a very dramatic angle to the viewer in order to show depth
We need two things to see color, what are they? When we see a red sweater, does the color red get absorbed or reflected?
Pigment and Light; Red is reflected, and the rest are absorbed
What does the Theory of Simultaneous Contrast explain? Who came up with the theory?
Explains the manner in which the colors of two different objects affect each other. The effect is more noticeable when shared between objects of complementary color. Michel Chevreul came up with the theory.
What does the Theory of Color Deception explain? Who came up with the theory?
Explains that color is relative to its surroundings. Josef Albers came up with the theory.
What are actual and implied motion?
What are kinetic art, performance art and op (optical) art? Out of the three which one represents implied motion and which ones represent actual motion?
What are symmetrical, asymmetrical and radial balances?
What do the words "miniature" and "monumental" represent in art? See a textbook example of a monumental art.
In order to draw or create perfect human figures, what (mathematical proportion) would the Greeks use?
Why were the Greeks obsessed with making human figures so perfect?
What is the general characteristics of Surrealist art?
When we look at an art piece, initially one specific portion of the piece attract our eyes first and keep our eyes in that spot or area for a few seconds (or more), what is that area called?
Think about examples how artists use different techniques like high contrast of colors/values, interesting texture, or some exquisite details etc. to attract viewers' attention.
What is an eye-movement? Note: Eye-movements are created through various elements and principles of design.
Which design elements does Chuck Close use to paint the portraits?
What is a progressive rhythm?
Know the major differences among various methods of analyzing art.
Do all types of analysis applicable for all art pieces?
If someone uses only design elements and principles to analyze a piece of art, what kind of reading or analysis that would be?
What kind of method investigates the artist's background or history of the figures in an artwork? What did we discuss in class about the Ghana/Nigerian artist, El Anatsui's work (see introduction chapter of your textbook)?
What kind of analysis deciphers symbols (that might be recognizable by people from a specific culture or time period, but not so evident by others) in an artwork?
What is the feminist reading of the Romantic painting, Grande Odalisque by Dominique Ingres?
What kind of reading or analysis deals with gender issues?
What kind of reading focuses on the artist's state of mind (this particular analysis was originated from the Austrian psychologist, Sigmund Freud's psychoanalytical
What is a combined reading or analysis? When analyzing an art piece, do art
historians use only one type of analysis?
What are representational, abstract and non-objective art?
When we see an artwork, do we find only one design element or principle within that work or always a combination of them?
What is Memento mori?
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