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39 terms

Sculpture Vocabulary

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sculpture
The art of using materials to transform ideas into a real object. A three-dimensional form that is not utilitarian.
three dimensional
Height, width, and depth
form
An element of art that is three dimensional and encloses volume
non-utilitarian
Not useful objects
volume
Interior space
transform
To change shape or form
line
An element of art. The path of a moving point through space. Has width. texture, direction, color, and length.
space
An element of art that refers to emptiness. It's the area above, below, around, between, and within an object.
balance
a principle of art concerned with equalizing forces, or elements in a work of art,. Art elements become the visual forces or weights.
central axis
a dividing line that works as a point of balance. It may be vertical or horizontal.
formal balance
when equal, or very similar, elements are placed on opposite sides of a central axis. often the two halves are identical, mirror images of each other.
informal balance
balance of unlike objects. it relies on artistic arrangement of objects to appear balanced. it is more complex than symmetry.
position
a large object close to a dominant area can be balanced by a smaller object placed further away from the dominant area.
size and contour
large shapes appear heavier than small shapes. several small shapes can balance a larger one. an object with complex edges appears heavier than one with single edges. a small complex object can balance a large simple object.
color
high intensity color has more visual weight than low intensity color. our eyes are drawn to bright color. a small area of bright color is able to balance a larger area of a dull, neutral color.
value
dark colors appear heavier than light colors
slab
flattened clay
coil
rolled form of clay
pinched
squeezing clay to create hollow form
slip
liquified clay used to bond clay pieces together
score
scratching clay to prepare for bonding
needle tool
tool used for cutting clay
serrated rib
tool used to score clay
modelling tool
tool used to blend and smooth clay
ribbon tool
tool used for carving
leather band
clay is firm and moist, not soft
color
element of art that is derived from reflected light
hue
the name of the color in the color spectrum
intensity
the brightness or dullness of a hue
value
element that describes the darkness and brightness of a color
tint
hue + white
shade
hue + black
complementary
goes well together, suit each other; hues opposite of each other on the color wheel
analogous
colors that sit side by side on color wheel (share a common hue)
warm
yellow, yellow orange, orange, red orange, red, yellow green
cool
green, blue, violet, blue green, blue violet, red violet
tertiary
3rd level color
triad
composed of three different hues spread equidistant from each other on the color wheel
split component
combination of one hue and (plus) two hues on either side of its component