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Arts and Humanities
Religion Ch. 3 Notes
Terms in this set (47)
Before Christ ascended into heaven, he established the _____________ as the means to transmit his message of salvation until he comes again
Through communication with the ____________ Body Of Christ, the Church, a Christian is enabled to receive the fullness of God's Revelation and enter into community with the Blessed _____________.
What was Peter's name before Christ spoke to him?
"You are Peter, and upon this ________ I will build my Church."
What is an Ecumenical Council?
Meetings at which the bishops of the world come together to discuss and debate matters of concern to the whole Church. Presided over the Pope or his delegate, and Ecumenical Council has the authority to issue decrees that are binding to all Catholics.
There have been ___ Ecumenical Councils in Christian History.
-promulgated Nicene Greed
-defined Divinity of Christ
-Set the day for celebration of Easter
-Added to the Nicene Greed
-Affirmed the divinity of the Holy Spirit
-Further defined Christ as a Person of the Blessed Trinity
-Declared the Blessed Virgin Mary the Mother of God "Theotokos" which means "God Bearer."
-Made mandatory the longstanding universal practice of celibacy for priests, condemned the tampering in papal elections by Emperors.
-Defined Jesus by having two wills, human and divine.
-Affirmed transubstantiation as the explanation for Christ's "Real Presence" in the Eucharist.
-Confession once a year
-"Easter Duty" receive Eucharist at least once during Easter Season
-Stipulated that the Holy Spirit proceeds from both the Father and the Son
-The longest of all Ecumenical Councils, taking place under five different popes condemned teachings of Martin Luther Protestant
-Defined papal infallibility in matters of faith and morals
-Defined Jesus as having two natures, human and divine
-Issued reforms and doctrinal statements on the Church, the role of the laity in the Church as the People of God. the liturgy, ecumenism, religious freedom, etc.
-Liturgy- No more "Ad Orientum"
-No more Latin Mass; Bishops authority
Beginning with ___________, Ecumenical Councils would make decisions about theological issues and matters of worship, confronting numerous _____________ beliefs and practices that arose among believers.
The two key qualities of an Ecumenical Council are:
1. Presence of representatives (bishops)
2. Presence of the successor of St. Peter (the pope).
The teaching office of the Church, called the _________________, is the object of the special work of the _________ _________, who gives the Church power to transmit Christ's good news faithfully and correctly.
Magisterium, Holy Spirit
Because the Holy Spirit guides and protects the Church, the Church cannot teach ________ in matters of faith and morals.
What is the Apostolic Succession?
"Unbroken Line of Bishops"
Examples of the teaching of the Magisterium can be found in the creeds and in the ____________ of the _______________ ______________.
Caticism, Catholic Church
The content of Divine Revelation--the ______________ ___________, entrusted by Jesus Christ to his Church--- is found in Sacred Tradition and Sacred Scripture.
Deposit of Faith
The term Tradition comes from the Latin "_____________" which means handed down.
The Ancient past, especially the period before the middle ages (Fathers of the Church conditions)
Their lives reflected the teachings of Jesus Christ (Fathers of the Church conditions)
Holiness of Life
They produced outstanding insights, in perfect communion with the Church and with the approval of the Magisterium (Fathers of the Church conditions)
Sacred Scripture is the __________ ___________ of _________. This means that the Holy Spirit did not simply assist human writers but actually __________ what they wrote.
inspired word, God, authored
The sanctity of the Bible refers to the moral perfection and doctrine contained in it. This prerogative stems from three aspects:
Its Divine Origin
In the New Testament, Christ perfected the moral precepts of the Old Testament with his deeds and doctrine, thus shedding light on the moral law itself. Christ did this by:
1. declaring their true meaning
2. establishing the best way of fulfilling them
3. adding advice to acheieve greater sancity
the _________ sense is everything the Holy Spirit intended to express with the words themselves.
in the ________ __________ sense, the words are taken in their usual ordinary meaning, e.g., "God created Heaven and Earth."
in the ________ ________ sense, (or metaphorical sense) the words are taken in their figurative meaning.
the ___________ sense contains three elements: the real existence of the persons, things, or events in the Old Testament, the similarity between the type and what is prefigured by the type; and God's intention to prefigure something.
In Sacred Scripture, God speaks to man in a _________ way. To interpret correctly, the reader must be ___________ to what the authors truly wanted to affirmed.
reliability in communicating the truth
the dogma that the pope cannot err when defining a doctrine concerning faith and morals to be held by the whole church
method of scriptural interpretation based on the meaning of words in the literary and historical context
refers to the various styles of writing that communicate a message through particular creative means
the spiritual interpretation of scripture that portrays the heroes of scripture as a pattern for Christians of every age
the interpretation of scripture that sees not only the literal meaning of the text but also the people, things and events they describe as signs
the word of God entrusted by Christ to the Apostles and their successors and communicated by preaching and teaching to every generation of Christians under the guidance of the Holy Spirit
refers to a number of christian writers from the first through the eighth centuries whose lives reflected the teachings of Christ and whose teachings were in perfect harmony with the church
fathers of the church
a story that is told in order to illustrate a moral or spiritual truth
the name given to the universal teaching authority of the pope and the bishops in communion with him, which guides the members of the church without error
correctness or soundness in theological faith and beliefs
the gift of the holy spirit that assisted human authors to write the books of the Bible
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