26 terms

Poetry Terms

poetry terms & related concepts at the 7th Grade level
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poetry
oldest form of literature that is written in lines & stanzas
lines
groups of words in poetry
stanzas
how lines are grouped
prose
written in sentences in paragraphs
allusion
reference to the Bible, literature, history, mythology, or to anything outside the writing that the writer expects the reader to know
imagery
words/phrases that appeal to the senses; pictures made with words
mood
feeling a reader gets upon reading
tone
attitude of the writer toward his/her subject
rhyme
words that end with the same sound
end rhyme
words that rhyme and appear at the ends of lines
internal rhyme
rhyming words within a line
near rhyme
words that almost rhyme
rhyme scheme
letters of the alphabet used to chart rhyme
rhythm
pattern of stressed & unstressed beats
regular rhythm
steady beat; syllables arranged to create a beat
free verse
syllables arranged freely
repetition
repeating of certain words & phrases or even punctuation; done so for emphasis
onomatopoeia
use of words that sound like their meanings
alliteration
repetition of consonant sound (usually at the beginning of words)
metaphor
comparison of two unlike things; an implied comparison
personification
giving human qualities to an object, an animal or an idea
hyperbole
an exaggeration
simile
comparison of two unlike things using the words like or as
haiku
a three-line with the syllables of 5-7-5, creates a strong image and usually captures a single moment or an idea
concrete
a poem whose shape suggests it meaning or what the poem is about; words & punctuation are arranged is a unique way
narrative
tells a story