Peasant Life & Manorialism
Part of material on Exam 2.
Terms in this set (15)
the social and economic system by which the lord of the manor exploits his landed estate and the peasants who work on the manor
peasant village and its field & commons
most important relationship
lord of manor
The leader of the church (bishops or abbots) or member of the feudal class (lords and vassals).
Make an income & able to pay peasants income as well.
Expected the peasants to be good Christians & weren't usually willing to let peasants go.
They were treated like slaves but were not technically property of lords.
Had trouble finding enough food & they drank a lot of beer (healthier/cleaner than water) & ate a lot of bread/porridge.
unfree peasant farmers
Elton Manor (late 1200s)
Had around 1900 acres & a total population of 500-600 peasants.
The lord of the Manor was the Abbot of Ramsey.
peasant life & labor
There was gender division.
Members of peasants family cultivate crops & rear animals on their individual family holdings.
Primary goal of peasant agriculture
to provide for the subsistence needs of the family itself, but peasants support not only themselves but the also the lords who skim off surplus production
Pietro Andrea Mattioli
16th century Italian physician & naturalist
quote on outline
Makes people act like drunken men.
1/2-1/3 lord's land
Three Field System
Left 1 field out to increase its fertilization (give soil a chance to regenerate).
Used animal poop/manure to fertilize.
peasant labor was cooperative but not communal
lords & peasants
Under the manorial system, the lord of the manor dominated the lives of his peasant in a variety of ways:
collected rents and services
controlled their very persons
had certain rights of jurisdiction
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