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APWH- Ch. 9- Africa and spread of Islam
Terms in this set (24)
what provided the major contact with Africa and other civilizations?
spread of islam
what were stateless societies?
stateless people controlled by kinship institutions, they lacked concentrated authority structures
what were some weaknesses to stateless societies?
delayed ability to: respond to outside pressures, mobilize for war, undertake large building operations, stable trade
What were some similarities among african cultures?
common linguistic base (from bantu speakers), animistic religion, natural forces as gods, good and evil
what are the Africam pop. estimates by 1500?
Roman name for present day tunisia
Arabic term for northwestern Africa
a later Islamic reform movement among the Berbers of northwest Africa, also built an empire from Africa to spain; gained followers because of islams equality
where were christian states present before the spread of Islam?
Ethiopia and northern Africa
-coptic christian influence spread to nubia
-they resisted the spread of islam until the 13th century
-Ethiopian successors to christian axum formed Ethiopian state in 13th and 14th centuries
-stayed christian despite muslims influence
humid forest zones, an extensive grassland belt bordering the southern edge of the sahara
-the states often were led by a patriarch or council of elders from a family or lineage
-based upon ethnic core
-rulers were sacred
-formed from malike people who broke away from Ghana in the 13th century
-rulers authority was strengthened by islam
-agri and gold trade were the economic base
-receives credit for Mail expansion and clan governing system
-distributed much wealth on his journey
Jenne and Timbuktu
-developed in western sudan
-residents included scholars, craft specialists, foreign merchants
malinke merchants who traded thought the Mali empire and west africa
-dominated the middle reaches of the niger valley
-won freedom from Mali in the 1370's
-rulers were muslim
a great mil. leader under the Songhay
extended the rule of the entire middle Niger Valley
states that combined muslim and pagan traditions, rose among the hausa in northern nigeria
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