WHAP Units 1 & 2 Vocabulary Words
A summary of the WHAP Units 1 & 2 Vocabulary words to study for the Unit 1 & 2 test.
Terms in this set (61)
People that did not settle in one place, but moved from place to place.
Nomads who raised livestock.
The widescale transition of many human cultures from a lifestyle of hunting and gathering to farming and settling in one place.
Lasted from 4,000 BC to 1,200 BC. During this period everything from weapons to agricultural tools to hairpins was made with bronze (a copper-tin alloy).
An agricultural production that exceeds the needs of the society for which it is being produced, and may be exported or stored for future times
Specialization of Labor
This was made because of surpluses of food and other goods, and led to the creation of other classes such as artisans, warriors, and the development of elites.
A central city and its surrounding villages, which together follow the same law, have one form of government, and share languages, religious beliefs, and ways of life.
Place/land that included the Sumer and the Akkadian, Babylonian, and Assyrian empires, lies in between the Tigris and Euphrates river system.
Code of Hammurabi
Babylonian law code, dating back to 1772 BC. 'An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth'.
Members of a Semitic people inhabiting ancient Phoenicia and its colonies. Prospered from trade and manufacturing until the capital, Tyre, was defeated by Alexander the Great in 332 BC.
Jews who studied Judaism.
Unified in 3100 BC, conquered by Alexander the Great in 332 BC
Built in the 26th Century BCE, one of the largest settlements of the ancient Indus Valley Civilization. Ended with apparent destruction about 1500 BCE.
Nomadic pastoralists who replaced Harappan civilization and militarized society
The system of set ranks started by the Hindu religion.
A form of social Hierarchy in which males are the dominant gender and more often then not the leaders in society, and females are considered lower then them.
Lasted from 1600 to 1050 BCE, the dynasty during China's Bronze Age, came after the Xia Dynasty.
Lasted from 1100 to 221 BC, came after the Shang Dynasty. Followed the Mandate of Heaven, and Confucianism and Taoism.
Mandate of Heaven
The notion that a ruler was 'the son of heaven' and therefore supreme being.
A system of government in which most of the important decisions are made by state officials rather than by elected representatives.
Flourished in South America from 900 to 200 BCE. More of a series of cultural practices then society.
Early adopters of the complex religious system that the Mayans and the Aztecs would use, one of the most important old civilizations in Mesoamerica.
The movement of Bantu speaking people from their original homeland (craddleland) to their current homelands.
Founded in 322 BCE by Chandragupta, ruled by Ashoka after Chandragupta. Birthplace of Buddhism. (Maghda)
Considered to be one of India's greatest emperors. Follower of Buddhism, reigned 268-232 BCE.
Taklamakan Desert/Tarim Basin
China's largest desert.
Ruled from 320 CE to 467 CE, controlled with cultural influence. Were followers of Hinduism.
221-206 BC, Shihuangdi reunified China, increased size of Great Wall, adopted Legalism.
Established authority in China around 200 BC, started Confucian traditions in China.
Nomadic Asian People who repeatedly invaded other people.
Fought in the Peloponnesian War, was a center for the arts and philosophy, birthplace of Socrates, Pericles, Sophocles. Considered to be superior city for learning.
Led the Peloponnesian War, considered to be main leader in Greco-Persian Wars. Known for it's strong military excellence. Women were given just about as equal rights as men here too.
A multi-cultural empire with a Zoroastrianism religion, had a government run by satraps.
The war between Persia and Greece. Was in two stages, and led by king Darius I.
Greek philosphers who questioned the Athens democracy and were known for their great knowledge and questioning of authority.
Founded after the Battle Of Marathon in 409 BC, in order to protect Greece against the 'Persian threat'. City-states, Athens being the strongest, banded up to protect themselves.
A war fought between Athens and Sparta, considered to be one of the biggest wars in Ancient Greece.
Alexander The Great
Conquered Persia, pushed to Egypt.
The spread of ancient greek culture.
Polytheistic empire of christian faith. 1/3 of the population was slaves, had a senate and assembly.
Non-aristocrats (poor people) in the Roman Empire
Nobles in the Roman Empire
264-146 BCE Rome vs. Carthage
Capital of Western World, had civil service and secure travel for merchants.
A broad group of indigenous and historical polytheistic religious traditions—primarily those of cultures known to the classical world.
Collapse of Han
Rising tensions between rich & poor, Wang Mang's bad land reform program, Yellow turban Revolt, and famine.
Collapse of Gupta
Invasion of the White Huns brought this Empire down.
Collapse of Rome
No singular reason, Weak or bad leaders, Empire expenses, epidemics, Huns and Sheer size brought this Empire down around 410 CE.
Capital City of the Byzantine, latin, and ottoman Empires.
A series of connected trade routes that went through the asian continent.
Religion that believes in the ethical respect of higher authority figures. Political-social philosophy. Lead by good example.
Religion that follows the harmony and flow of nature. Found by philospher Lao-tzu. Counter to Confucian Activism.
Religion that focused on reliance through strict & tough law. Led to wider acceptance of Confucian-Daoism.
Religion where Brahma is the supreme force and all other gods are a manifestation of Brahma. Focused on reaching Moshka, or the release of the soul, and the karma system. Had a Caste System.
Religion that searches for the reason of human suffering, has no supreme being. Goes by the four noble truths. Followers want to reach Nirvana, or enlightment.
Religion where followers think they have a special relationship with God and have a special status.
Someone who has reached enlightment or wishes to reach enlightment.
Ancient items associated with gods or ancestors.
People who believe one god made the heavens and earth.
Sacred Hindu text.
Collection of Philosophical texts from Hinduism.