MCA Reading Prep - Definitions

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Protagonist
The main character, or the one most central to the action of the story
Antagonist
The person, thing, or force that acts against the main character.
Setting
The time and place of a story.
Conflict
The struggle or clash between opposing characters, forces, emotions. May also be referred to as the problem in a story.
Theme
The writer's message, or main idea. What the author wants you to remember, or learn, the most.
First Person Narrator
With this point of view, a character in the story and tells the reader his/her story using the pronouns "I" or "we."
Third Person Narrator
With this point of view, a character is outside the story using the pronouns "he/she" or "they."
Analogy
Shows a relationship between two things; some features that are the same and others which are different.
Fact
Something that can be proven true.
Opinion
An unproven belief or theory based on a person's judgement. What someone believes or feels.
Verse
Writing that is arranged in a rhythmic pattern.
Rhythm
A pattern of sound made by the strong and weak beats in a poem.
Rhyme
The repetition of sounds at the end of a line. The endings can be the same or similar sounding.
Stanza
A group of two or more lines in a poem separated from the others by a space.
Simile
A comparison between two unlike things using the words "like" or "as."
Metaphor
A direct comparison between two unlike things that does NOT use "like" or as."
Alliteration
The repetition of the same consonant sound at the beginnings of several words.
Exposition - Story Element
The first part, or opening, of a plot. The author describes the setting, introduces the characters, and gives background information.
Rising Action - Story Element
The part in which the author describes the conflict or problem the characters must face.
Climax - Story Element
The turning point of a story. At this point, the problem is at its worst, and the characters may have begun to think of a way to solve it.
Falling Action - Story Element
The part where the author describes how the problem is solved.
Resolution - Story Element
The ending; brings the story to a satisfactory ending.
Symbol
Something that stands for something else; represents something else.
Hyperbole
Extreme exaggeration.
Syllabication
The division of words into syllables (clapping).
Mood
The feeling created in the reader by a poem or a story.
Imagery
A word or phrase that appeals to your senses.
Onomatopoeia
The use of words that sound like the noises they describe.
Idiom
An expression that means something other than the literal meanings of its words.
Connotation
The meaning of a word that is NOT its literal definition.
Denotation
The direct meaning of a word.
Allusion
A reference to something with which the reader is likely to be familiar.
Paradox
A person or thing having qualities that seem to be opposites.
Pun
A humorous substitution of words that are alike in sound but different in meaning.
Irony
The use of words that mean the opposite of what one really intends.
Tone
The author's attitude toward a subject.
Haiku
A form of Japanese poems written in lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables.
Bias
A feeling in favor of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair.
Cause
To bring about, create, or provoke some action.
Effect
The result or outcome of an action.
Evidence
The information used to prove an authors argument.
Interpret
To explain the meaning of.
Point of View
The way a person thinks or feels about an issue, situation, or action.
Source
The person or text that specific information comes from.
Audience
The group of people a speech or reading is intended for.
Compare
Find similarities (things that are almost the same)
Contrast
Finding differences
Summarize
Retelling the main points in your own words.
Making Inferences/Infer
Using ideas and clues in the text to figure out the main idea.
Main Idea
The most important idea or big concept of the reading.
Third Person Omniscient
Narrator is all knowing. Narrator tells thoughts and
feelings of more than one character.
Third Person Limited
Narrator is limited to one character. Narrators tells
the thoughts & feelings of one character.
Third Person Objective
Narrator does not reveal any character's thoughts
or feelings. Only character's dialogue and actions are narrated.
Informational Text
Nonfiction writing, written with the intention of informing the reader about a specific topic. It is typically found in magazines, science or history books, autobiographies and instruction manuals.
Informal
Readings that may be relaxed, friendly, or unofficial style, manner, or nature *Think of an informal dance or your conversations with your friends*
Formal
Readings that follow rules and correct writing styles *Think of a formal dance or a conversation you may have with a teacher or boss*
Persuasive
Having an argument and trying to have the reader side with your argument.
Sequence or Chronological
To put things in order of when they happened. First, Next, Then, Finally.

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