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Terms in this set (45)
On the PDCA Dairy Cow Score Care, the category "feet and legs" accounts for how many points?
Which one of the following is the largest dairy milk marketing cooperative in the US?
Dairy Farmers of America
When comparing bulls for artificial insemination, what does "SCR" stand for?
Sire Conception Rate
Which one of the following is not classified as a water-soluble vitamin?
When using sexed semen, conception rates are about what percent of the conception rates achieved when using unsexed semen under the same conditions?
In the ruminant digestive system, which of the following is the name of the first section of the small intestine that is connecting to the abomasum?
Research has shown that by formulating lactating cow rations with proper amounts of certain amino acids, we can decrease the crude protein content of the ration and reduce which of the following?
nitrogen excretion to the environment
In order to prevent bloat, the feed additive Poloxalene is often added to feed rations for cows that are grazing. Which of the following grazed forages are most likely to cause bloat?
alfalfa and clover
Rumen bacteria enable dairy cattle to utilize which feed supplement?
Heritability for milk production in dairy cattle is:
If the heat detection rate is 30% and the conception rate is 30%, the pregnancy rate is:
Which of the following are the three primary volatile fatty acids (VFAs) produced in the rumen?
acetate, propionate, and butyrate
Which of the following is an infectious disease?
What female hormone causes follicles to begin development?
follicle stimulating hormone
In dairy cows, what is the name of the disease caused by the organisms Staph, Aureus, Strep, Uberis and Klebisella?
What stomach compartments are not developed in a newborn calf?
rumen and reticulum
When compared to normal corn silage, brown mid-rib corn silage has more energy and higher digestibility. This is largely due to its lower content of what?
Which of the following describes biotin?
Material used in a footbath for cows with foot rot problems is:
Approximately how many gallons of blood pass through the udder for each gallon of milk produced?
400 to 500 gallons
Subcutaneous injections are placed:
under the skin
Which of the following has the greatest impact on improving producer income?
The normal lactation of dairy cows is how many days?
What direction should calf hutches face in the winter?
Milking time is best reduced by:
preparing cows properly
How many hours does the egg have a fertile life after it is released before it must be fertilized?
Generally, which group of animals on the farm will have the best genetics?
Which of the following describes the Cooperatives Working Together (CWT) program?
A national dairy farmer-funded program that is used to help stabilize milk prices
Which dairy product's minimum fat percentage is 80%?
Which one of the following components of a corn plant is not digestible by the dairy cow?
Which of the following is the name of the term for a farm's unique identification number that is part of the National Animal Identification System?
Which of these breeds is from the English Channel Islands and known for producing milk highest in protein and fat?
Which compartment of the ruminant stomach functions in a similar manner as the human stomach?
The Pasteurized Milk Ordinance is the rulebook for:
Producers who sell Grade A milk
Which of the these breeds is known for producing golden-colored milk?
Sexed semen is best used on virgin heifers. How many times should you breed them with it before trying something else?
Milk used for butter production would be classified as what?
What major category on the current PDCA Unified Dairy Scorecard contains breed characteristics?
Phenotype is defined as the combined effects of genetics and what other component?
Injection site lesions and carcass bruises lower the value of cows at market and hurt cow prices. Ideally, where should intramuscular injections be given to prevent lesions?
in the neck or shoulder
Manure digesters produce what gas which can be converted into electricity?
How long after birth will calves absorb immunoglobins from colostrum?
What percent of US dairies have more than 500 cows?
Using a bull that has a good proof for productive life will probably not improve which of these traits?