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Shanahan Ancient Egypt
Terms in this set (48)
a picture and other written symbols that stand for ideas, things or sounds
someone who rules for a child until the child is old enough to rule
Ruling families; Ancient Egypt was governed by 31 different ones
the region of ancient Nubia between the 1st and 2nd cataract
a powerful Egyptian ruler
rich, fertile soil deposits from the Nile River overflowing its banks.
a mechanism for raising water
having complete control over people
How have Egyptians influenced modern society today?
They had knowledge of medicine, mathematics, and the 365 day a year calendar
a series of rulers from the same family
a life after death
an early form of paper made from reeds found in the Nile River
ancient region in the Nile River Valley, on the site of present-day southern Egypt and northern Sudan
a mineral or combination of minerals mined for the production of metals
a triangular-shaped plain of very rich farmland, located in Lower Egypt
the region of ancient Nubia between the 2nd and 6th cataract
dead body preserved in lifelike condition
a strong flood or rush of water; rock-filled rapids
an ancient Egyptian city; the site of the Great Pyramid
a huge building with four triangular-shaped sides; built as royal tombs in Egypt
How did the ancient Egyptians demonstrate their belief in the afterlife?
They preserved the bodies of the dead
Why was Nubia's location between Egypt and Central Africa important?
Nubia was a center for trade.
How did religion play an important part in Egyptian life?
by explaining natural events to the people
What happed when the Nubians took control of the trade routes by using iron weapons?
Meroe became rich
Why were the black land and the red land helpful to Egypt's prosperity?
The black land had fertile soil for farming and the red land was good from protection from enemies
What appeared in Nubia around 6000B.C.?
hunting and fishing communities developed
A very important religous practice in ancient Egypt was?
to prepare the dead for afterlife
Farming communities appeared in about 5000B.C. in?
both Egypt and and Nubia
How did the Nile River affect ancient Egyptian life?
By creating rich farmland in the river valley
What social class did most people in ancient Egypt belong to?
The first pharaohs of the New Kingdom expanded Egypt's?
Egyptian pharaohs ruled with absolute power over?
The greatest achievement of the pharaoh Menes was?
uniting Upper and Lower Egypt
Why did the ancient Egyptian astonomers study the stars?
To predict the flooding of the Nile
Why were many Nubians in the Egyptian army?
because they were expert archers
What was the advantage to a settled, farming life for early humans?
They had a steady supply of food
Food surpluses allowed ancient people to?
learn new skill and crafts
Ancient Egyptians believed that Amon-Re?
protected both the rich and the poor
Egypt's pyramids were used to?
ensure a place in the afterlife for pharaohs
How did the ancient Egyptians practice religion?
1. They believed in the afterlife
2. They worshiped Gods and Goddesses
3. They prepared the dead (mummies)
Why was the Nile River so important to the ancient Egyptians?
1. It provide fertile soil to farm
2. Supplied water
3. Used to transport goods
What is the significance of the Rosetta stone?
It translated the Egyptian hieroglyphs into other languages so modern day people could learn what hieroglyphs meant
United Upper and Lower Egypt and became the first pharaoh of Egypt
Was regent for Thutmose III, and became a pharaoh who created a peace and economic success for Egypt
Egyptian pharaoh of the New Kingdom, who expanded the empire east to the Euphrates River
Egyptian pharaoh who ruled Egypt as a child and died at about age 18
Archeologist who discovered King Tut's tomb in 1922
French scholar that translated the Rosetta Stone