Common FCAT Terms and Phrases
The reason, or motive, for an action; why something happens.
to examine (two or more objects, ideas, people, etc.) in order to note similarities and differences
showing the differences between two or more ideas, stories, characters, things, etc.
a statement that can be proved
A judgement based on the information obtained
The result; what happens because of something
a personal belief or judgment that is not founded on proof or certainty
A combination of one's own knowledge and information supplied in the text which leads to a conclusion or generalization about a subject; educated guess
The most important point that the writer makes in a reading selection; it can be stated or implied.
The small pieces of information that support, develop, or explain the main idea.
The "problem" in a story which triggers the action; struggle between two opposing forces.
Conversation between characters in a story, work of nonfiction, novel, or play.
A comparison of two unlike things in which no words of comparison are used (example: That test was a bear!)
The feeling the author wants to convey to the reader through a work of literature, such as excitement, anger, sadness, happiness, or pity.
The sequence of events in a work of literature; the action in a story.
The time, place and conditions under which a story takes place.
The statement about life or human nature a particular work is trying to convey to the reader.
The author's attitude toward his/her subject.
the other words and sentences that are around the word you don't know
a conclusion that is used to make a broad statement about a topic or person
why the author wrote the passage. The title can help you predict this.
point of view
the position or standpoint from which the authors considers a writing topic.
provides examples, reasons and details
convinces others to agree
tells a story
annual reference book of useful and interesting facts, such as calendars and weather predictions
a collection of maps in book form
a visual display of information or data
to demonstrate that something is right or fair; to defend with reasons
one way of looking at things
text that tells a first-hand account of an event; original works used when researching (letters, journals)
When things are alike but not exactly the same
An expression that cannot be understood if taken literally (ex- "Get your head out of the clouds").
information gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness an event
the primary position taken by a writer or speaker
to say firmly; to declare
a belief or statement taken for granted without proof
A word part that can be placed in front of a word
A word part that can be placed at the end of a word
The main part of a word to which prefixes and suffixes can be added
To state the meaning of a word
The author tells about an earlier situation in the story
Early on the author gives subtle hints of something that will happen later in the text
To hold the attention of something or someone, to amuse them
A power affecting a person, thing, or course of events
The opposition of something
Fiction (not true) text
Differentiating between fact and opinion
Consists of thorough opinions that are supported by relevant
reasons, facts, and examples
Nonfiction (true) text
As near to the truth as possible
To explain the meaning of something
Consists of personal opinions not supported by facts or examples
Ways to order sentences and paragraphs to convey meaning
To combine things together
To examine by separating into parts and studying their interactions
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