FCAT Prep

Common FCAT Terms and Phrases
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Terms in this set (...)

cause
The reason, or motive, for an action; why something happens.
compare
to examine (two or more objects, ideas, people, etc.) in order to note similarities and differences
contrast
showing the differences between two or more ideas, stories, characters, things, etc.
fact
a statement that can be proved
conclusion
A judgement based on the information obtained
effect
The result; what happens because of something
opinion
a personal belief or judgment that is not founded on proof or certainty
inference
A combination of one's own knowledge and information supplied in the text which leads to a conclusion or generalization about a subject; educated guess
main idea
The most important point that the writer makes in a reading selection; it can be stated or implied.
supporting details
The small pieces of information that support, develop, or explain the main idea.
conflict
The "problem" in a story which triggers the action; struggle between two opposing forces.
dialogue
Conversation between characters in a story, work of nonfiction, novel, or play.
metaphor
A comparison of two unlike things in which no words of comparison are used (example: That test was a bear!)
mood
The feeling the author wants to convey to the reader through a work of literature, such as excitement, anger, sadness, happiness, or pity.
plot
The sequence of events in a work of literature; the action in a story.
setting
The time, place and conditions under which a story takes place.
theme
The statement about life or human nature a particular work is trying to convey to the reader.
tone
The author's attitude toward his/her subject.
context
the other words and sentences that are around the word you don't know
generalization
a conclusion that is used to make a broad statement about a topic or person
author's purpose
why the author wrote the passage. The title can help you predict this.
point of view
the position or standpoint from which the authors considers a writing topic.
informative
provides examples, reasons and details
persuasive
convinces others to agree
narrative
tells a story
almanac
annual reference book of useful and interesting facts, such as calendars and weather predictions
atlas
a collection of maps in book form
graph
a visual display of information or data
justify
to demonstrate that something is right or fair; to defend with reasons
perspective
one way of looking at things
primary source
text that tells a first-hand account of an event; original works used when researching (letters, journals)
similarity
When things are alike but not exactly the same
idiom
An expression that cannot be understood if taken literally (ex- "Get your head out of the clouds").
secondary source
information gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness an event
thesis
the primary position taken by a writer or speaker
assert
to say firmly; to declare
assumption
a belief or statement taken for granted without proof
prefix
A word part that can be placed in front of a word
suffix
A word part that can be placed at the end of a word
root word
The main part of a word to which prefixes and suffixes can be added
define
To state the meaning of a word
flashback
The author tells about an earlier situation in the story
foreshadow
Early on the author gives subtle hints of something that will happen later in the text
entertain
To hold the attention of something or someone, to amuse them
influence
A power affecting a person, thing, or course of events
contrary
The opposition of something
literary text
Fiction (not true) text
validity
Differentiating between fact and opinion
strong argument
Consists of thorough opinions that are supported by relevant
reasons, facts, and examples
informational text
Nonfiction (true) text
accuracy
As near to the truth as possible
interpret
To explain the meaning of something
weak argument
Consists of personal opinions not supported by facts or examples
organize
Ways to order sentences and paragraphs to convey meaning
synthesis
To combine things together
analyze
To examine by separating into parts and studying their interactions