Terms in this set (56)

  • cause
    The reason, or motive, for an action; why something happens.
  • compare
    to examine (two or more objects, ideas, people, etc.) in order to note similarities and differences
  • contrast
    showing the differences between two or more ideas, stories, characters, things, etc.
  • fact
    a statement that can be proved
  • conclusion
    A judgement based on the information obtained
  • effect
    The result; what happens because of something
  • opinion
    a personal belief or judgment that is not founded on proof or certainty
  • inference
    A combination of one's own knowledge and information supplied in the text which leads to a conclusion or generalization about a subject; educated guess
  • main idea
    The most important point that the writer makes in a reading selection; it can be stated or implied.
  • supporting details
    The small pieces of information that support, develop, or explain the main idea.
  • conflict
    The "problem" in a story which triggers the action; struggle between two opposing forces.
  • dialogue
    Conversation between characters in a story, work of nonfiction, novel, or play.
  • metaphor
    A comparison of two unlike things in which no words of comparison are used (example: That test was a bear!)
  • mood
    The feeling the author wants to convey to the reader through a work of literature, such as excitement, anger, sadness, happiness, or pity.
  • plot
    The sequence of events in a work of literature; the action in a story.
  • setting
    The time, place and conditions under which a story takes place.
  • theme
    The statement about life or human nature a particular work is trying to convey to the reader.
  • tone
    The author's attitude toward his/her subject.
  • context
    the other words and sentences that are around the word you don't know
  • generalization
    a conclusion that is used to make a broad statement about a topic or person
  • author's purpose
    why the author wrote the passage. The title can help you predict this.
  • point of view
    the position or standpoint from which the authors considers a writing topic.
  • informative
    provides examples, reasons and details
  • persuasive
    convinces others to agree
  • narrative
    tells a story
  • almanac
    annual reference book of useful and interesting facts, such as calendars and weather predictions
  • atlas
    a collection of maps in book form
  • graph
    a visual display of information or data
  • justify
    to demonstrate that something is right or fair; to defend with reasons
  • perspective
    one way of looking at things
  • primary source
    text that tells a first-hand account of an event; original works used when researching (letters, journals)
  • similarity
    When things are alike but not exactly the same
  • idiom
    An expression that cannot be understood if taken literally (ex- "Get your head out of the clouds").
  • secondary source
    information gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness an event
  • thesis
    the primary position taken by a writer or speaker
  • assert
    to say firmly; to declare
  • assumption
    a belief or statement taken for granted without proof
  • prefix
    A word part that can be placed in front of a word
  • suffix
    A word part that can be placed at the end of a word
  • root word
    The main part of a word to which prefixes and suffixes can be added
  • define
    To state the meaning of a word
  • flashback
    The author tells about an earlier situation in the story
  • foreshadow
    Early on the author gives subtle hints of something that will happen later in the text
  • entertain
    To hold the attention of something or someone, to amuse them
  • influence
    A power affecting a person, thing, or course of events
  • contrary
    The opposition of something
  • literary text
    Fiction (not true) text
  • validity
    Differentiating between fact and opinion
  • strong argument
    Consists of thorough opinions that are supported by relevant reasons, facts, and examples
  • informational text
    Nonfiction (true) text
  • accuracy
    As near to the truth as possible
  • interpret
    To explain the meaning of something
  • weak argument
    Consists of personal opinions not supported by facts or examples
  • organize
    Ways to order sentences and paragraphs to convey meaning
  • synthesis
    To combine things together
  • analyze
    To examine by separating into parts and studying their interactions