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April 14, 1521
On this year the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan (serving the Spanish royalty) arrived at the islands of the Philippines and erected a wooden cross on the shores of Cebu
What happened in April 14, 1521
began the Spanish colonization and introduced Roman Catholicism in the Philippines
It is printing that involved wood cutting and made possible the production of religious literature
These are songs that reflect the folk way of Filipinos and it is also defined as spontaneous expressions
It is the first book printed in the Philippines. It is in Filipino and Spanish and is for the exclusive use of missionaries. It is used as a script to convert Filipinos into Catholics
Examples of these and booklets on catechism, religious stories of Martyrs and saints, passion of the Christ, and prayer books.
It is a shadow play using puppets made from cardboard skillfully manipulated by a narrator behind the screen
Duplo and Karagatan
Both are debates and were means to relieve the monotony and sadness of the prayers for the dead in funerals
It is a play that depicts battles between Christians and Muslims in the Philippines. In these plays, the Muslims are the villains and in the end, the Christians always win
It has 4 lines in a stanza, and 12 syllables in a line. An example of this is Florante at Laura.
These are native Filipinos who were taught Spanish and served as translators to the Spanish government
This is a kind of literature that was meat to be performed on a stage. It shows communication between the actors and the audience.
The Propaganda movement
included the upper class Filipinos, liberals, and students attending European universities.
Upper class Filipinos, liberals, and students attending European universities
strove to awaken the sleeping intellect of the Spaniards to the needs of our country
This was the first native daily newspaper founded by Marcelo H. del Pilarr in 1882 (July - October)
This was a biweekly newspaper in Barcelona, Spain, established in1889 by Graciano Lopez Jaena. It went out of business in 1895.
Jose Rizal's Novels
(One:) Noli Me Tangere (Touch Me Not) in 1886
(Two:) El Filibusterismo (The Reign of Greed) in 1891
Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo
depicted the conditions of Spanish rule in the islands, particularly the abuses of the friars.
Although they were banned, they were smuggled into the Philippines and rapidly gained wide readership (which lead to Filipino national consciousness)
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