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Sociology of Aging
last test!!!!!! woooooohoooooo
Terms in this set (39)
When is the beginning and end of middle age?
Starts at 40 and end at 65
What does it mean to be generative vs stagnating
generativity=people in midlife find meaning from nurturing the next generation, caring for others, or enriching the lives of others through their work
stagnant=feel no sense of purpose in their lives, feel disconnected from society, feel they have not made an impact
If somone does not have feeling for children or spouse, doesnt like job?
Gen or stag
What ability is most likely to improve into 50s and 60s?
accumulated knowledge and the ability to apply that knowledge when needed, comes from the lifelong process of learning
reading comprehension, vocab tests
ability to reason quickly when facing completely new intellectual tasks
good at puzzles, problem solving, thinking outside of the box
If you have someone who is intelligent, upbeat, and is suddenly dramatically mentally slip, what might be happening?
What is the median age
the age at which half the people are younger and half are older
Where does social security come from in us?
When are most retired people happy?
active, have hobbies
The older someone gets the greater the chance of having ADL issues
NO BACK SIDE
difficulties performing everyday household tasks
ex: cooking, cleaning
difficulties performing essential self care activities
ex: eating, bathroom, shower
selective optimization w compensation
Paul Balte's three principles for successfully aging
1. selectively focusing on what is most important
2. working hard to perform well in those top ranking areas
3. relying on external aids to cope effectively
a strategy for improving health and wellbeing in older adults and a model for successful ageing. It is recommended that seniors select and optimize their best abilities and most intact functions while compensating for declines and losses.
a basic role of grandparents which involves monitoring the younger family member's well being and intervening to provide help in a crisis
Which type of memory is first to go
Which is last to go
first to go=episodic
last to go= procedural
the most fragile type of memory, involving the recall of the ongoing daily events of life
refers to our ability to recall basic facts
refers to well learned skills that we automatically recall without conscious awareness
a strategy for aiding memory, often by using imagery or enhancing the emotional meaning of what needs to be learned
ex: OCEAN for big five
a theory of aging describing how the time we have left to live affects our priorities and social relationships.
In later life, people focus on the present and prioritize being with their closest attachment figures
socioemotional selectivity theory
Physical losses to the extreme
outcome is not just death, but ADL difficulties
Most chronic diseases are age relayed and are at the endpoint of normal aging changes
an age related chronic disease in which the bones become porous, fragile, and are more likely to break.
It is most common in women
disease where damage occurs to the joints at the end of the bones.
a housing option characterized by a series of levels of care for elderly residents, ranging from independent apartments to assisted living to nursing home care. people enter the community in relatively good health and move to sections where they can get more care when they become disabled
continuing care retirement communtiy
age related midlife difficulty with near VISION caused by the inability of the lens to bend
Inteventions to help w vision problems
1. use strong indirect lighting
2. avoid fluorescent lighting
3. use larger numerals on appliances
4. use aids such as magnifiers
Interventions to help w hearing problems
-avoid high noise enviornemtns
-replace noisy appliances
-face the person when speaking
-avoid elder speak
issues widowed people face
fluctuating emotions, important to have a support system
more hard if they were very dependent on spouse
benefits grandparents provide
-mentors and mediators
-can step in during time of need to help w whatever
female v male changes in sexuality
female=menopuase, effects on desire, sexual consequences w lubrications
male=trouble getting and keeping erection
If someone has hearing impairments, where will they have the most trouble hearing
middle of the room, best to have back faced against a wall
formal v post formal thought
FORMAL=During this time, people develop the ability to think about abstract concepts. Skills such as logical thought, deductive reasoning, and systematic planning also emerge during this stage
being sensitive to different perspectives, making decisions based on inner feelings
what are the 5 personality traits
Openness to experience
People who like to learn new things and enjoy new experiences
organized, methodic, and thorough.
get their energy from interacting with others, talkative
friendly, cooperative, open to things changing
experience emotional instability and negative emotions. Traits include being moody and tense.
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