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LOWEST LEVEL OF INDIAN SOCIETY; not considered a real part of the caste system; often given degrading jobs; their life was extremely difficult
one of two classical Hindu epics telling of the banishment of Rama from his kingdom and the abduction of his wife by a demon and Rama's restoration to the throne
A religious symbol associated with meditation, usually created with geometric patterns and shapes
(Hinduism) an ancient Sanskrit text giving rules for sensuous and sensual pleasure and love and marriage in accordance with Hindu law
a great indian epic poem, reflecting the struggles of the aryans as they moved south into india
religious buildings that originally housed Buddha relics. Stupas developed into familiar Buddhist architecture
Last of the able rulers of the Gupta dynasty; following his reign the empire dissolved under the pressure of nomadic invasions
grandson of Chandragupta Maurya; completed conquests of Indian subcontinent; converted to Buddhism and sponsored spread of new religion throughout his empire
The highest mountains in the world, which stretch along northern India, separating it from the rest of Asia.
The social divisions of the Aryan Society that included from top to bottom: 1)priests (Brahmins), 2) rulers or warriors; 3) farmers, craftspeople, traders; 4) workers and servants (Sudras)
(Hinduism) a Hindu caste or distinctive social group of which there are thousands throughout India
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