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APUSH Chapter 26 Test
Terms in this set (41)
Name four reasons why the Indians battled the whites.
1) To avenge savage massacres of Indians by whites
2) Punish whites for breaking treaties
3) Defend their land against white invaders
4) Preserve their nomadic way of life
How were Indians able to defeat the military in most battles?
Their superior horsemanship
Name the tribes these Indians belonged too:
Why were the Nez Percé goaded into war?
Gold was discovered on their reservation
What lead to the Indians defeat?
The extinction of the Buffalo through butchery by the whites
Why were the Plains Indians forced to surrender?
The near extinction of the buffalo
What did the Dawes Act do?
Dissolved tribes as legal enitities
Ended tribal ownership of land (individual ownership only)
Promised US citizenship in 25 years
What was the Dawes Act designed to do?
Promote Indian assimilation
Place in Order:
-Restoration by congress of Indian life on tribal basis
- OK Land Run
1) Dawes Act
2) OK Land Run
3) Indian Citizenship
4) Congress Restores tribal basis of Indian life
What did the gold and silver found in the mining frontier finance?
The Civil War & building railroads
What did the mining frontier do?
It attracted the population to come out west
What three towns did the cattle drives end in?
What did the Homestead Act do?
Promoted frontier settlement
What was the problem with the Homestead Act?
Land not productive enough +
Not enough water = farmers abandoning land and giving it up to corporations
What was a major problem in the Great Plains in the 1870s?
Scarcity of water
Who were the "cheaters" in the OK land run?
What was the real "safety valve"?
The Western city
#17 is ___?
#18 is ___?
#20 is ___?
Cities like Denver and San Francisco were known as safety valves because they provided what?
Refuge for the poor and immigrants in cities by letting them move west instead of spreading discontent in cities
What kinds of crops did farmers switch to?
The cause of farmers' problems during 1880s - 1890s was?
The volume of agricultural product went ______ while the price went _____.
Farmers were slow to adapt and organize because?
They were uneducated
What was the first union made for farmers?
Grange Movement/Patrons of Husbandry
Why was the Patrons Of Husbandry created?
To give farmers sense of belonging
to be an economic tool to combat monetary problems
What were the Granger Laws?
State laws passed to regulate railroad rates
The Farmers Alliance was organized to?
Socialize and work together to fight railroad and manufacturers
Who did the Populists nominate in the 1892 election?
James B. Weaver
Why did Jacob Coxey and his "army" march to D.C.?
To demand govnt work programs
Why did President Cleveland order troops to break up the Pullman Strike?
Because it "interferes with delivery of US mail"
What did this action by President Cleveland mark?
Marked the first time govnt used a federal court injunction to break a strike
What did Mark Hanna believe the main function of the government was?
Aid business through:
•"Trickle down" theory
Name the Democratic nominee, the Republican nominee, and nominee endorsed by the Populist party in the election of 1896.
What was a major issue in the 1896 election?
The free and unlimited coinage of silver
Why did the rich donate to McKinley?
Because of Mark Hanna's influence
What was the strongest ally for the Republicans?
Fear and dirty tricks
What did Republicans tell industrial workers?
Their orders, jobs, and pay would be taken away if Bryan won
What did political power do?
Shifted from rural areas to cities
What happened during the Republican domination of politics?
•Less voter participation
•Worker welfare and regulation of industry became important
What Act was passed in 1900?
Gold Standard Act
What did the Gold Standard Act do?
All paper money was redeemable in gold
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