Terms in this set (25)
Eastern Woodland peoples around the time of Columbus's arrival in 1492 clustered into which three major group
Algonquian, Iroquoian, and Muskogean peoples
Around the time Europeans arrived in the New World, most native North Americans obtained much of their food
through a combination of hunting and gathering and farming.
Early Woodland Indians practiced basic survival strategies including
hunting deer and gathering nuts and seeds.
The term Archaic describes the
hunting and gathering cultures that descended from Paleo-Indians, as well as the period in time from 10,000 BP to approximately 4000-3000 BP.
Scholars speculate that Hopewell culture declined
because farming and new weapons encouraged local autonomy and made central authority unnecessary.
The greatest similarity among the many tribes that inhabited North America at the dawn of European colonization was that
their distinct cultures had developed as adaptations to their local natural environments.
About 11,000 years ago, the Paleo-Indians faced a major crisis because
the large animals they hunted had difficulty adapting to a warming climate.
The basic reason for the early, prolonged absence of humans in the Western Hemisphere is that
North and South America had become detached from the gigantic continent of Pangaea.
Corn became a food crop for Southwestern cultures around
The cultures of the Archaic peoples of the Eastern Woodland were shaped by their
Spanish conquerors exploited the weaknesses of the Mexican empire, which included
subject peoples who did not see the Mexica as legitimate or fair rulers.
Multistory cliff dwellings and pueblos are residential structures associated with the
In 1492, Native American cultures were
so varied that they defy easy and simple description.
The Mexica used an extensive tribute system to redistribute wealth from
the poor, the common, and the conquered to the rich, the noble, and the conquerors.
Which of the following statements does not accurately describe the work of a historian?
Historians seek artifacts over written documents to determine the attitudes of a people.
In AD 1492, the empire of the Mexica
encompassed 25 million people and became enriched by redistributing the wealth of those they conquered.
After their arrival in the Western Hemisphere, Paleo-Indians migrated to the southern tip of South America and virtually everywhere else in the Western Hemisphere within
1,000 years or so.
Archaic Indians who hunted the bison herds of the Great Plains were
nomads who moved constantly to maintain contact with their prey.
Which of the following is an accurate description of Archaic Indians?
They hunted smaller game with traps, nets, and hooks and used tools to process wild foods.
The most important source of food for Archaic peoples inhabiting the Great Basin was
The analysis of grave goods in burial mounds at Hopewell sites shows that in this chiefdom at least,
burial was reserved for the most important members of society.
In 1492, the population density of North America was
much less than that of England.
The emergence of Mogollon culture was characterized by
pit houses and small farming settlements.
Though ancient Americans lacked writing skills, they
used many other kinds of symbolic representation.
The Wisconsin glaciation created conditions that permitted
the creation of Beringia, which supported herds of mammoth, bison, and smaller animals.