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138 terms

King's A&P Language of Medicine Chapter 1

Davi-Ellen Chabner, The Language of Medicine, 9th Edition, Chapter 1
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aden/o
gland
arthr/o
joint
bi/o
life
carcin/o
cancerous, cancer
cardi/o
heart
cephal/o
head
cerebr/o
cerebrum
cerebrum
largest part of the brain
adenoma
tumor of a gland
adenitis
inflammation of a gland
arthritis
inflammation of a joint
biology
study of living things
biopsy
removal of tissue from body for examination
carcinoma
cancerous tumor derived from epethelial tissue
cardiology
study of the heart
cephalic
pertaining to the head
cerebral
pertaining to the cerebrum
cis/o
to cut (as in 'incision')
crin/o
to secrete; to form and give off (as in 'endocrine')
cyst/o
urinary bladder; a sac or cyst containing fluid
cystoscopy
visual examination of the urinary bladder using a cystoscope
cyt/o
study of cells (as in 'cytology)
derm/o
skin
hypodermic
under or below the skin
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin
dermat/o
skin
electr/o
electricity
encephal/o
brain
enter/o
intestines (usually small intestine)
enteritis
inflammation of the small intestine
erythr/o
red; red blood cells are erythrocytes
erythrocyte
red blood cell
gastr/o
stomach
gastrectomy
removal of all or part of stomach
gastrotomy
process of cutting into the stomach
glyc/o
sugar
gnos/o
knowledge; as in 'diagnosis'
gynec/o
woman, female
hemat/o
blood
hem/o
blood
hematology
study of blood
hematoma
mass or collection of blood (-oma)
hepat/o
liver
hepatitis
inflammation of the liver
hemoglobin
protein that carries oxygen in the red blood cells
iatr/o
treatment, physician;
iatrogenic
adverse results from treatment by a physician, "John's hair loss was determined to be iatrogenic because this is not a normal reaction to penecillin".
leuk/o
white
leukocyte
white blood cells
log/o
study of
nephr/o
kidney
nephritis
inflammation of kidney
neur/o
nerve
neurology
study of the nervous system
onc/o
tumor
oncology
study of tumors
opthalm/o
eye
oste/o
bone
osteitis
inflammation of the bone
osteoarthritis
inflammation of bone and joint due to aging
path/o
disease
pathology
study of diseases
ped/o
child
psych/o
mind
psychologist
one who studies mental illnesses and performs behavioral therapy with clients; cannot prescribe medications
psychiatrist
a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders; can prescribe medication
radi/o
x-rays
ren/o
kidney
rhin/o
nose
rhinitis
inflammation of the nose
sarc/o
flesh
sarcoma
fleshy tumor; grows from muscle, bone, fat.
sect/o
to cut
resection
to cut back or out; gastric resection = gastrectomy
re-
means "back"
thromb/o
clot, clotting
thrombocyte
platelets that clot blood
thrombus
a clot
thrombosis
condition of formation of a clot
ur/o
urinary tract, urine
urology
study of urinary system and organs of the male reproductive system
-ac
pertaining to
-al
pertaining to
-algia
pain
-cyte
cell
-ectomy
excision, removal
-emia
blood condition
-genic
pertaining to producing; produced by; or produced in
pathogenic
production of disease
-globin
protein
-gram
record
-ic, -ical
pertaining to
-ion
process
-ist
specialist
-itis
inflammation
-logy
process of study
-oma
tumor, mass, swelling
-opsy
process of viewing
-osis
condition (abnormal); increase in number (blood cells only)
-pathy
disease condition
-scope
instrument to visually examine
-scopy
process of visually examining with endoscope
-sis
condition; state of
-tomy
process of cutting, incision
-y
process, condition
a-, an-
no, not, without (anemia)
aut-, auto-
self, own
autopsy
process of viewing by oneself; examination of a dead body with one's own eyes
dia-
through; complete
end-, endo-
within
epi-
above, upon
epigastric
above the stomach area
ex-, exo-
out, outside of
hyper-
excessive, above, more than normal
hypo-
deficient, below, under, less than normal
in-
into, in
peri-
surrounding; around
pro-
before, foreward
retro-
behind
sub-
below, under
trans-
across
gastroenterologist
treats diseases of the stomach and intestines
nephrologist
treats diseases of the kidneys
prefixes
word beginnings
suffixes
word endings
root
foundation of a word
a letter that links a suffix and root word, or two root words
combining vowel
combination of a root and combining vowel
combining form
subhepatic
below the liver
prognosis
outlook of a condition
diagnosis
"complete knowledge"; decision about the nature of a condition after tests are performed
anemia
condition of deficient hemoglobin in red blood cells or an insufficient number of erythrocytes
CVA
cerebrovascular accident; stroke
exocrine glands
a gland that secretes hormones into a duct or onto a body surface
endocrine glands
Ductless glands that release hormones directly into the bloodstream
pericardium
around the heart; sac filled with fluid that surrounds the heart
hyperglycemic
excessive sugar in the blood
hypoglycemic
too little sugar in the blood