22 terms

Life Science Chapter 10 Review

terms, definitions, and questions from CPO Science Life Science textbook
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cell division
the process of one cell dividing into two daughter cells
chromosome
a structure made of DNA and protein in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell
humans have...
46 chromosomes
cell cycle
the period of time from the beginning of one cell division to the beginning of the next
interphase
the stage of the cell cycle which occurs between cell divisions
mitosis
the process of cell division where the nucleus divides into two nuclei
cytokinesis
the process where the cytoplasm and its organelles divide into two daughter cells
the cell cycle results in...
two daughter cells with identical sets of chromosomes
the longest stage of the cell cycle is...
interphase
the shortest stage of the cell cycle is...
cytokinesis
the order of the cell is...
interphase
prophase
metaphase
anaphase
telophase
citokinesis
reproduction
the formation of new organisms of the same species
asexual reproduction
a type of reproduction that requires only one parent
sexual reproduction
a type of reproduction that requires special cells called sex cells
gametes/sex cells
special cells that contain half the number of chromosomes as body cells
meiosis
cell division that produces sex cells with half the number of chromosomes
diploid
a double set of chromosomes
haploid
a half set of chromosomes
fertilization
the union of egg and sperm
zygote
a fertilized egg
embryo
an organism in its earliest stage of development
cell differentiation
the process of cell specialization