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Spheres of the Earth/Water Cycle
Terms in this set (26)
Solid part of Earth made up of rocks, minerals and other elements, not including the oceans.
Part of planet where living things can be found - from upper atmosphere to the bottom of the oceans.
Thin layer of gasses that surround our planet - allows for varied climates, or long term weather conditions.
Includes all of the water on Earth - from oceans to lakes to underground water. A major force that shapes weather and climate.
Includes all of Earth's frozen water including glaciers, permafrost and sea ice.
The name of the major subsystems on Earth
Water Frozen on Earth
- Water is frozen in glaciers (found in mountains and at the north & south pole)
- Frozen water makes up the polar ice caps
Water in the Atmosphere
-Water vapor is found in air
-Water is found in clouds
- Groundwater is where we get of our drinking water from
Water on Earth's Surface
- Freshwater makes up lakes, rivers & stream
- Saltwater makes up the oceans & seas
water without salt in it
water with salt in it
Percent of Salt Water on Earth
Percent of Water on Earth
Percent of Fresh Water on Earth
The sun warms water on Earth surface. It causes liquid water to change into a gas.
Plants need water, just like we do. They store water in their leaves. Leaves have small openings. When the sun warms plants, it causes water to evaporate out of the leaves through the small openings.
In the atmosphere, water vapor cools and changes back into liquid form. Tiny water droplets form on dust particles in the atmosphere to form cloud droplets. Cloud droplets combine to form clouds.
Clouds eventually becomes "too heavy" with water. The water falls from the atmosphere to Earth's surface. Water can fall as liquid droplets (rain), solid crystals (snow) or frozen droplets (hail).
Runoff collects in rivers that flow into lakes and oceans.
Precipitation that falls to Earth's surfaces moves from high to low elevations.
Some water on Earth's surface will absorb into ground.
Water that infiltrates the ground can be stored in soil. Some water will collect in "pools" underground.
Water in the soil will be taken up by plants. Plants take up water in soil through their roots.
A measure of the amount of air space within a soil.
How "easy" water can flow through the soil.
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