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97 terms

Roman Social Life

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abacus
counting frame
aedile
magistrate with responsibility for civic affairs
ala
room in a Roman house
andron
passage from house to garden
apodyterium
changing room at the baths
atrium
hall in house
bestarius
gladiator who fought and killed animals
bulla
good luck charm, like a locket, worn by children
calcei
sandals
caldarium
hot room with pool at baths
cena
dinner, main meal of the day
client
family retainer
coemptio
marriage ceremony involving bride purchase
comissatio
drinking party following a dinner
conclamatio
calling the name of a dead person
confarreatio
patrician marriage ceremony with many rituals
consul
supreme magistrate - two elected annually
contubernium
'marriage' between slaves
cubiculum
bedroom
culina
kitchen
cursus honorum
list of magistrates' positions in the order in which they were held
deductio
client escorting a patron to the forum
domus
private house, only afforded by the wealthy
equites
second social class, businessman
exhedra
summer sitting room, opening into the peristylium
far
spelt flour, used for religious ceremonies
fauces
entrance passageway inside the front of a roman house
Forum Romanum
the religious and political centre of Rome
frigidarium
cold pool at the baths
fullonica
laundry
grammaticus
teacher of students aged 12-15
hypocaust
under-floor heating system
ientaculum
breakfast
impluvium
rainwater basin
insulae
buildings bounded by streets, containing rooms and apartments
lacerna
man's cloak
laconium
hot, dry room at the baths
lanista
trainer of gladiators
lararium
shrine of the lares, household gods
latifundia
large estates owned by the wealthy and worked by slaves
libertus
freedman
litterator
teacher of students aged 7-12
ludi circenses
chariot races
ludi scaenici
theatrical performances
manumission
the freeing of slaves
materfamilias
wife of paterfamilias
metae
conical turning posts on the spina in the circus
munera
gladiatorial combats
naumachiae
mock naval battles
oecus
guest room opening into the peristylium
paedagogus
slave supervising students of school age
palaestra
exercise ground
palla
woman's cloak
paterfamilias
male head of household
patria potestas
a father's power over members of his family
patrician
wealthy aristocrat
patron
wealthy man who accepted responsibilty for a plebeian's welfare
peculium
slave's pocket money
peristylium
peristyle, garden with a collonade
petasus
hat used for travelling
piscina
pool in the peristylium
plagosus
"full of blows", used to describe a schoolmaster
plebeian
one of the common people
posticum
side entrance to a house
prandium
lunch
pronuba
once-married woman who acted as a bride's attendant
quadrigae
four horse chariots
retarius
gladiator dressed and equipped like a fisherman
rhetor
teacher of the arts of the oratory, especially to boys 16-18
salutatio
escorting of a patron to the Forum by a client
secutor
heavily armed gladiator who fought the retiarius
senate
governing body of Rome
senatorial class
top social class; eligible for the magistracies
spina
barrier down the centre of a circus
sponsalia
betrothal
sportula
payment of money to client by patron
stilus
wooden pen used to write on wax
stola
woman's dress
strigil
scraper used for cleansing at the baths
tabernae
shops
tablinum
study/sitting-room
tepidarium
warm pool at the baths
thermae
bathing complex
toga
distinctive garment of Roman citizens
toga praetexta
toga with a purple edge, worn by boys and magistrates
toga virilis
plain white toga worn by men
triclinium
dining room
tunica
simple garment worn by workers or under a toga
univira
a once-married woman
usus
marriage by one year's uninterrupted cohabitation
velarium
huge awning used at the colosseum
venationes
wild-beast hunts in the amphitheatre
vernae
slaves born and reared in a Roman household
vestibulum
passage leading to front entrance of a Roman house
vilicus
slave overseer of a farm
villa rustica
simple collection of farm house and buildings
villa urbana
country mansion