Week One: Intro to Medical Terminology

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Terms in this set (...)

Roots
A basic word to which affixes (prefixes and suffixes) are added. Forms the basis of a new word.
Suffixes
A letter or group of letters added at the end of a word which makes a new word.
Prefixes
Added to the beginning of an existing word in order to create a new word with a different meaning.
otorhinolaryngology
Medical practice and study of ear, nose, and throat.
Meta
Prefix referring to beyond
Trans
Prefix meaning the process of going through
Intra
Prefix meaning within
Inter
Prefix meaning between or among
Contra
Prefix meaning against
Pre
Prefix meaning before
Post
Prefix meaning after
Hyper
Prefix meaning higher than normal
Hypo
Prefix meaning lower than normal
ism
Suffix meaning condition
osis
Suffix meaning abnormal condition
ist
Suffix referring to one who practices or a specialist
itis
Suffix referring to inflammation
pathy
Suffix referring to disorder in part of body
ous
Suffix adjective meaning-- pertaining to
ic
Suffix adjective also meaning pertaining to--epidemic
What is the root or combining form of polyneuropathy
neuro
What is the suffix of gastroenterologist
logist
What does the prefix mean in the word intravenous?
Within
What does the prefix mean in the word hyperthyroidism?
Higher than normal
What does the prefix mean in the word polyneuropathy?
Multiple
Suffix referring to the blood --either something in excess or low in the blood
emia