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Chapter 26 Quiz - Becoming America Volume 2
Terms in this set (46)
While the stated purpose of the Truman Doctrine was to "support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation," in practice
it led the United States to support dictatorial regimes as long as they sided with the United States and against the Soviet Union or leftist governments.
The Taft-Hartley Act of 1946
allowed states to pass "right-to-work" laws and prohibited union contributions to federal political campaigns.
What was the changing situation facing some American cities, particularly in the Northeast?
Cities in the Northeast were losing population and jobs to the suburbs, which resulted in a decreasing tax base.
How did the Federal Housing Authority react to discrimination in the mortgage industry?
When it came to real estate, federal agencies rarely challenged local racism.
Which of the following is true of the attempt to implement nationalized healthcare during Truman's administration?
It had widespread support among workers.
How did the Soviet Union respond to the anti-Soviet policies of the United States?
Believing the U.S. was intent on global domination, the Soviets pursued absolute control of Eastern Europe.
All of these were responses to Republican Senator Joseph McCarthy's communist "witch-hunt," known as McCarthyism, EXCEPT which of the following?
The Supreme Court blocked many of McCarthy's attempts to punish communists and protected their right to free speech.
How did the Soviet Union and China respond to North Korea's invasion of South Korea?
The leaders of both the Soviet Union and China were reluctant to get involved in the conflict, but joined in when the United States entered the war.
Which of the following is NOT true regarding life for the "nuclear family" in the suburbs?
The suburbs had large, beautiful parks and other public amenities to improve the quality of life.
The Fulbright Program
was an exchange of scholars between the U.S. and foreign nations meant to foster understanding between Americans and other cultures, and to promote U.S. values.
Which of the following is NOT true of the findings of the National Security Council Report 68?
The report was supported by President Truman, but opposed by Dean Acheson and George Kennan as too antagonistic to the Soviet Union.
What was the impact of automation on workers?
Automation led to job losses, but the UAW accepted it as long as employers agreed to retrain or find other work for skilled workers.
The generation born between 1945 and 1964, which was the largest generational group in American history, is commonly called
the baby boomers.
Which of the following was NOT a step taken by Congress to raise workers' standard of living and make them mass consumers?
Congress approved an increase of the minimum wage to five dollars an hour.
When African American veterans returned home, they
were subject to prejudice and discrimination in both the North and the South despite their service to the country.
All of the following were factors preventing minorities from improving their status EXCEPT
Truman's unwillingness to enforce laws passed by Congress.
What was President Eisenhower's attitude toward the United States' military buildup?
Eisenhower was critical of the vast expense borne by American taxpayers and preferred spending on domestic programs as opposed to on the military.
Which of the following was a result of "white flight"?
Racial tensions grew as minorities moved into houses in white working-class areas that were left vacant by whites that had left for the suburbs.
In the presidential election of 1952, Truman
chose not to seek reelection.
When someone was "redlined" it meant that they
were denied a mortgage loan because they lived in a low income neighborhood.
From what source were you most likely to find criticism of American consumer society?
scholars from prestigious universities
As a prominent champion of freedom and civil rights, W. E. B. Du Bois
embarrassed the U.S. government with his outspoken criticism of its hypocrisy in leading the "free world" when there was widespread injustice at home.
Which of the following is NOT true of the military-industrial complex?
After the war, Truman dismantled the majority of the military in favor of building a nuclear arsenal.
Which of the following was NOT an economic advantage held by the United States at the outset of the Cold War?
Large quantities of gold received from Japan and Germany as war reparations allowed the United States to give out loans to other countries at high interest rates.
The purpose of the Marshall Plan was to
offer massive amounts of financial aid to Western European countries in an attempt to bolster their economies and prevent communism from taking root.
What led Truman to take a more assertive role in establishing a pro-American government in Japan?
Japan's strategic location, which could help check the spread of communism
Truman's President's Commission on Civil Rights
introduced anti-lynching legislation that was blocked by southern congressmen.
Movies that dealt with the struggles faced by returning veterans by depicting them engaging in destructive behavior, and often including a "femme fatale," were called
film noir ("black film").
Which of the following were LEAST likely to benefit from the economic boom?
Which of the following best describes the new housing boom that occurred in the United States after the war?
Many first-time homebuyers purchased mass-produced houses in the suburbs.
George F. Kennan's "long telegram"
convinced many State Department officials that Soviet leaders were intent on spreading Soviet-style communism.
Which evangelist won fame for his fiery anti-communist speeches that described the Cold War confrontation as an apocalyptic battle between Christ and Antichrist?
Inspired by the economic theories of John Maynard Keynes, Truman proposed all the following programs EXCEPT
looser regulations on corporations and slashing government spending and programs.
The House Un-American Activities Committee
convicted an editor of Time magazine for passing confidential information to the Soviets.
Which statement best describes the state of the U.S. economy right after World War II?
The majority of Americans had accumulated substantial savings and were ready to spend.
By the 1960s, where were companies most likely to open a new factory?
in the "right-to-work" states of the South where labor was less unionized
After World War II, labor unions in the United States
egotiated contracts that not only included good wages but also healthcare benefits.
The phrase "iron curtain," used to describe the divide between communist and democratic Europe, was first used by
The Berlin Airlift was
Truman's effort to relieve West Berliners by sending in cargo planes with supplies after Stalin asserted control of the region by sealing off access.
As a result of the 1946 midterm elections,
the Republicans took control of both houses of Congress and attempted to roll back the New Deal.
The effort to contain the growth of Soviet influence around the world through the use of economic, cultural, psychological, and political weapons was called
the Cold War.
What helped Truman overcome some tough obstacles to win the election of 1948?
Truman spoke directly to millions of citizens on a grueling tour of U.S. towns and cities, as well as through live broadcasts of his short, frank, and forceful speeches.
Visual artists' works in the postwar era
addressed the subject of the difficulties faced at home by returning veterans.
Which of the following was NOT a result of Kennan's policy statement regarding the Soviet Union?
The United States took a softer line on the Soviet Union in order to foster friendlier relations.
President Truman's efforts to revive the New Deal was an attempt to bolster the economy, but it was also an attempt to
seal middle-class support for the Democratic Party.
How did the Soviet Union respond to the creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)?
The Soviet Union publicly tested its first atomic bomb.
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