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38 terms

Language of Medicine (Chabner), Chapter 2

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Inferior
The intestines are __________ to the heart.
Superior
The esophagus lies __________ to the stomach.
Posterior
The spinal cord is __________ to the stomach.
Anterior
The naval is located on the __________ surface of the body
Distal
The ankle is __________ to the knee.
Distal
The stomach is __________ to the esophagus.
Inferior
The stomach is __________ to the lungs.
Lateral
The kidney lies __________ to the spinal cord
Distal
The __________ end of the thigh bone joins with the knee cap (patella)
Frontal
The __________ plane is a vertical plane that divides the body into an anterior and posterior portion.
Inferior (caudal)
The diaphragm lies _____________ to the organs in the thoracic cavity.
Sagittal
The _____________ plane is a vertical plane that divides the body into right and left portions.
Proximal
The _____________ end of the upper armbone is at the shoulder
Transverse
The _____________ plane is a horizontal plane that divides the body into upper and lower portions, like a cross section.
Superior
The pharynx is located ______________ to the esophagus.
System
Groups of organs working together to perform complex function:
Organs
Structures composed of several kinds of tissues is called:
Tissue
A group of similar cells working together to do a specific job:
Cell
Individual unit of all living things (animal or plant):
Epithelial Tissue
Tissue that forms the lining of internal organs and forms outer surface of the skin:
Connective Tissue
Fat, Bone, and Blood are examples of this tissue:
Abdominal
The cavity below the chest containing the stomach, liver, and gallbladder
Pelvic
The cavity surrounded by the hip bone
Cranial
The cavity surrounded by the skull:
Thoracic
The cavity in the chest surrounded by the ribs:
Spinal
The cavity surrounded by the bones of the back:
Sacral
Region of the sacrum:
Thoracic
Region of the chest:
Lumbar
Region of the waist:
Coccygeal
Region of the tailbone:
Cervical
Region of the neck:
Excision
Process of cutting out:
superficial
Dr. Selby said the ______________ wound barely scratched the surface.
RUQ; LUQ
The liver and spleen are on opposite sides of the body. The liver is in the __________ of the abdominopelvic cavity and the spleen is in the _____________.
dorsal
When a gynecologist examines a patient's pelvis, the patient lies on her back in the ____________ lithotomy position.
periumbilical
Sally's pain was around her navel. The doctor described it as ____________.
karyotype
After sampling the fluid surrounding her 16-week-old fetus, the doctor told Mrs. Jones she was carrying a baby with trisomy-21. The diagnosis was made by analysis of an abnormal ___________________.
Abdominal
The ____________ cavity contains digestive organs.