Ch 23 IDS
Terms in this set (14)
Waving the Bloody Shirt
This was a term used by Republicans to remind northern voters that the Confederates were Democrats who brought on the war. It brought attention to the serious issues. It was also used to appeal to black voters in the South.
Sept 24, 1869. the result of the Fisk and Gould scandal, the collapse of the market.
Corrupt New York City politics led by "Boss" Tweed. He used tactics such as bribery, graft, and fradulent elections. New York Times published evidence of Tweed's corruption and illegal activities, leading to his arrest and conviction.
Credit Mobilier Scandal
Union Pacific Railroad insiders formed the Credit Mobilier construction company and then hired themselves at inflated prices to build the railroad line. The officals were eventually caught.
a group of officials who were importing whiskey and using their offices to avoid paying the taxes on it, cheating the treasury out of millions of dollars.
was created In response to disgust of the political corruption in Washington and of military Reconstruction. They chose Horace Greeley as their presidential candidate for the election of 1872. caused the Republican Congress to pass a general amnesty act in 1872
Hard vs. Soft Money
Soft money supporters approved of paper money and were made up of mostly bankers and allies to bankers. Hard money supporters believed in coinage only, and rejected all banks that issued paper money. Soft money advocates were progressive, believing in economic growth and bank speculation, while the hard money advocates were against expansion and bank speculation.
Stalwarts vs. Half-Breeds
Stalwarts: a group that tried to give party favorites a government office, utilized the spoils system, and added to corruption.
Half-Breeds: Anti-Stalwarts, led by James G. Blaine. Disagreed over who appoints jobs.
Civil Rights Act 1875
passed legislation that guaranteed access to transportation and hotels for all blacks; repealed blacks codes and removed restrictions on workers; prohibited racial discrimination in jury selection; became a watered down bill that the Supreme Court eventually struck down
Withdrew federal soldiers from south. Started industrialization of South appointed southerners to patronage positions.
Jim Crow Laws
Laws designed to enforce segregation of blacks from whites. It was constitutional.
Poor people (blacks and some whites) became virtual slaves to the soil and to the creditors. Used land in exchange for goods. All slave sinew how do ti was agriculture.
Plessy v. Ferguson
1896 ruling that separate but equal facilities for different races were not unconstitutional.
Great Railroad oad Strike of 1877