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gaits (3 types of)
walk, trot, gallop (canter, stepping pace, running walk, fox trot, amble, rack & pace)
part of the horse between the fetlock joint and the hoof (consists of two bones, the uppermost is proximal phalanx and the lower is middle phalanx)
bottomost bone in the equine leg and is encased by the hoof capsule (commonly known as the coffin bone)
undigested nutrients are fermented (similar to that which occurs in the forestomach of ruminants)
intermediate tapeworm host (small mites found in virtually all soils all over the world.)
ileocecal junction (opening between the ileum, or small intestine, the colon and the cecum)
where Anoplocephala perfoliata (equine tapeworm) tend to congregate
eggs pass thru feces, ate by oribatid mite, transmitted by ingestion of the oribatid mite, treated with equimax
female worms crawl out of the horse's rectum, deposit eggs on the perianal region, and crawl back into the rectum, transmitted by ingestion of eggs, treated with strongid
eggs pass thru feces, transmitted by the ingestion of eggs, treated with strongid (& regular internal parasite control program)(eggs are viable for up to 10yrs)(aka ascarid)
eggs pass thru feces, develop into larvae in the feces (lives up to 3 months), transmitted by ingestion of the larvae (which may attach to grass blades), treated with strongid (& regular internal parasite control program)(aka bloodworm)
fly attaches eggs to hair follicles, larvae are ingested, treated with invermectin (& regular internal parasite control program)
Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis (HYPP)
an inherited disease of the muscle which is caused by a genetic defect (common in quarter horses)
Exercise-Induced Pulmonary Hemorrhage (EIPH)
bleeding from blood vessels within the lung (pulmonary) (bleeding from the nose; epistaxis) (aka bleeders)
Equine infectious anemia (EIA) (aka swamp fever)
infectious viral disease that attacks the horse's immune system (closely related to HIV)
Equine Encephalitis virus (EEE, WEE; eastern,western)(aka sleeping sickness)
virus spread to horses and humans by infected mosquitoes, vaccine available for horses)(CNS dysfunction and moderate to high mortality)
Equine Herpes Virus (aka equine abortion virus)
Equine rhinopneumonitis virus (two most common strains are EHV-1, which causes abortion, respiratory disease and neurologic disease; and EHV-4, which usually causes respiratory disease only but can occasionally cause abortion, vaccine available)
influenza, tetanus, encephalitis (EEE,WEE), herpes (EHV) (also rabies, botulism, Equine viral arteritis (EVA), strangles, west nile)
an acute bacterial (streptocucus Equi) disease of horses characterized by inflammation of the mucous membranes, treated with penicillin(aka distemper/shipping fever)
result of toxins produced by spore-forming bacteria (Clostridium perfringens; types B and C causes severe enteritis, dysentery, toxemia)(aka overeating disease)
Potomac horse fever (PHF)
transmitted by insects, causative agent Ehrlichia risticii, treated with oxytetracycline and IV fluids (causes acute diarrhea) (aka Equine ehrlichial colitis, Equine monocytic ehrlichiosis, Ditch fever, Shasta River crud)(mortality 30%)
toxemia caused by a specific neurotoxin produced a bacteria (Clostridium tetani) in necrotic tissue, treated with antitoxin (aka lockjaw)
septicemia (blood poisoning) caused by the sporeforming bacterium (Bacillus anthracis), vaccine available, treatment usually not possible due to acute nature but is sensitive to pencillin, streptomycin & tetracyclines)
intoxication with a neurotoxin produced by sporeforming, anaerobic bacterium (Clostridium botulinum) that inhabits soils and marine and freshwater sediments), treated with antitoxin
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