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49 terms

Anatomy test 1

STUDY
PLAY
cran
helmet
stasis
stand still
peri
around
dors
back
cardi
heart
pelv
basin
pleur
rib
homeo
same
logy
study of
tomy
cutting
pariet
wall
meta
change
append
to hang something
anatomy
the branch of science that deals with the structure of body parts, their forms and how they are organized
physiology
functions of the body parts (what they do and how they do it)
metabolism
involves the acquisition of food, using its energy and then excreting the wastes produced from the use
homeostasis
the act of staying the same internal not matter what happens external of the body
cell
basic unit of structure and function in living organisms; contains organelles which carry out activities
human organisms
w well organized unit of body parts
tissue
group of cells
organ
group of tissues
organ system
groups of organs
description of anatomical position
When the body is facing forward with are to the side and palms facing out
inferior
toward the feet or lower than
superior
toward the feet
proximal
close to the point of attachment
anterior
toward the front
posterior
toward the back of the body
job of skeletal system
support and protect the body
job of circulatory system
transports food, oxygen,hormones to the cell
superficial
toward the surface of the body
deep
within the body (internal tissues)
plane
imaginary flat surface passing through the body
description of coronal plane
divides the body into anterior and posterior sides
description of sagittal plane
divides the body into superior and inferior parts
"fight of flight" and example
either ready to fight the stressor or flee the situation
Example: snarling dog- run away
response to stress
heart rate increases, pupils widen, sweating, muscles tense, breathing heavily, hearing more accurate, digestive system slows down
adrenaline
quick burst of energy
requirements for life
water, food, oxygen, heat and pressure
early man relied on this for cures
superstition and magic
language for Anatomy and Physiology
Greek and Latin
Example of Homeostasis
cold-shivering, turning blue to keep heat in the organs
Job of integumentary system
protects body from injury and infection and regulated body temp. and homeostasis
job of lymphatic system
fights off foreign invaders
job of respiratory system
breakdown food and carries oxygen to cells and removes carbon dioxide
job of digestive system
breaks down food into a form the body can use
job of muscular system
to support the body and gives the body the ability to move
job of nervous system
senses and sends nerve impulses throughout the body
description of transverse plane
divides the body into superior and inferior parts