14 terms

GCSE changes in the rural economy

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Rural area in the UK
an area with a population of less than 10,000 people.
Rural characteristics
relatively sparsely populated and either left as wilderness or with farming as a major economic activity.
Accessible rural
rural areas in the UK that are close to major centres of population such as towns and cities have experienced population growth.
Counterurbanisation
where people move to rural areas to improve their quality of life but COMMUTE to cities for their jobs or HOME WORK.
Rural population decline
have been in REMOTE less accessible areas far from major towns and cities.
Push factors rural decline
shortage of jobs and a lack of social life
Service decline
Shops and post offices become less profitable because of rural depopulation. Bus services may decline leaving the elderly cut off.
Rural decline
Worsening economic conditions in the countryside as a result of poverty and unemployment
Alnwick, Northumberland
An area of rural growth
Milfield, Northern Northumberland
A village of urban decline
Population ageing in Milfield
Balanced population in Alnwick
Problems in Milfield
The post office shut at the start of 2013, the primary school closed at the end of the 2013-14 academic year with only 7 pupils enrolled. Locally, the maternity ward in nearby Berwick was closed to save money. The local shop is also under threat
Benefits in Alnwick
schools at all levels and people can either work in Alnwick or commute (the town is a commuter town and rural centre) to Morpeth or Newcastle, via bus links, rail in Alnmouth or the A1.