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12 terms

The Parts of Animal + Plant Cell

Parts of the cells
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Organelles (both)
tiny cell structures that carry out specific functions within the cell
Cell wall (Plant)
Protects and supports plant cell but materials can pass through
Cell Membrane (both)
controls what comes into and out of cell
Nucleus(both)
control center of cell: contains the nuclear envelpoe, chromation and nucleus
Cytoplasm(both)
clear, gel-like fluid between cell membrane and nucleus that surrounds the organelles
Mitochondria(both)
converts energy into food molicules to energy for cell
aka "powerhouse"
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) (both)
passageway that carries protein and other materials from one part of the cell to the other
Ribosomes(both)
small, grain-like bodies, factories that produce proteins
Golgi Bodies(both)
recive materials, package them and distribute them to other parts of the cell aka "mailroom"
Chloroplasts(plant)
capture energy from sunlight and use it to produce food
Vacuole(both)
storage area: can store food, waste and other materials
Lysosomes(both)
small, round structures: contain chemicals that breakdown materials aka "cleanup crew"

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