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Oral Pharmacology Ch 1, 2, 3
Terms in this set (40)
Which of the following governmental agencies is responsible for approval of drugs?
Which of the following drug names refers to the structural makeup of a drug?
Compared to the brand name drug, a generic name drug is usually:
Which of the following abbreviations stands for "twice a day"?
Which of the following is important when writing a prescription?
Avoid abbreviations when possible
The Latin abbreviation "hs" means:
Which of the following schedules does acetaminophen (Tylenol) with codeine belong?
A patient is taking ibuprofen for arthritis. Which of the following names is given to ibuprofen?
A pregnant woman has an endodontic abscess that requires an antibiotic. Which of the following antibiotics should NOT be prescribed?
Which of the following pregnancy categories does chlorhexidine belong?
Nitroglycerin is not given orally because it
Has a high first-pass metabolism
Displacement of a drug from plasma albumin binding sites would usually be expected to
Increase blood levels of the drug
Which of the following routes will a drug follow after intravenous administration?
Vein, general circulation, liver, kidney
An individual has overdosed on oxycodone, a narcotic analgesic, and is administered a narcotic antagonist. Which of the following features describes antagonist drugs?
Binds to the receptor to reduce the actions of the agonist
A prescription for penicillin VK is given to a dental patient with an endodontic abscess. The prescription is written for an initial loading dose followed by a maintenance dose. Which of the following reasons explains the rationale for giving a loading dose for antibiotic?
Attains the desired blood level immediately
A patient has an artificial heart valve and is taking clindamycin, an antibiotic, for prophylaxis against bactermia. In order for the clindamycin to be absorbed into the blood, it must pass through
Two barriers: epithelial cells + blood vessel
All of the following statements are true about lipid soluble drugs except one. which one is the exception?
Slowly absorbed through cell membrane
Which of the following reasons explains why an intravenously administered drug such as an antibiotic achieves very high initial blood concentration levels?
No barrier to absorption
Which of the following statements is true regarding absorption of local anesthetics?
Lidocaine (pKa 7.0) has a fast onset because the tissue pH is close to the pKa
Which of the following terms is related to the amount of drug administered?
Which of the following routes of drug administration bypasses the GI tract?
Which of the following routes of administration applies to Atridox?
Which of the following terms describes the development of constipation after a patient started taking acetaminophen with codeine after a tooth extraction?
A dental patient taking a bisphosphonate comes into the offices for an initial visit. The patient had a tooth extracted during the week and complained of extreme pain in her jaw. Upon examination, the dentist made a diagnosis of osteonecrosis of the jaw. Which of the following terms best describes this situation?
Adverse drug reaction
A patient had an injection of lidocaine with epinephrine. Which of the following types of injections was given?
Which of the following neurotransmitters is released from sympathetic postganglionic neurons?
Which of the following receptors is classified as an autoreceptor?
Which of the following conditions should the dental hygienist monitor if the patient is taking terazosin (Hytrin) for an enlarged prostate?
In which of the following patients should the dental hygienist limit the amount of a local anesthetic containing epinephrine?
Patient taking naldolol (Corgard)
Which of the following pathways is activated in a "fight-or-flight" situation?
Which of the following receptors does epinephrine in low doses primarily stimulate?
A patient is taking atenolol (Tenormin) for hypertension. Which of the following signs should be monitored?
Which of the following types of drugs is used in the treatment of nasal congestion?
A patient presents to the dental office for an initial visit. There is an extensive medical history. All of the following drugs cause xerostomia as an adverse effect EXCEPT one. Which is the exception?
Which of the following drugs is used in the treatment of asthma?
Which of the following drugs may cause xerostomia?
Which of the following drugs should be limited in patients taking Elavil? (a tricyclic antidepressant)
In high doses that are used in anaphylactic shock, which of the following receptors does epinephrine primarily stimulate?
Epinephrine goes through a biphastic response concerning blood pressure. After the initial increase in blood pressure, there is a decrease. This decrease in blood pressure is due to stimulation of which of the following receptors?
Which of the following receptors is stimulated when pilocarpine is taken?
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