19 terms

Andrew Jackson

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John Quincy Adams
6th President of the U.S., son of President John Adams, elected by the House of Representatives ("corrupt bargain")
Corrupt Bargain/Election of 1824
John Quincy Adams elected President; Henry Clay named Secretary of State; Jackson loses the election.
Andrew Jackson
7th president of the United States, war hero of the Battle of New Orleans
inauguration
a ceremony to mark the beginning of a new four-year term of a president of the United States. Jackson invited a crowd of 20,000 people and they trashed the White House.
suffrage
the right to vote
Jacksonian Democracy
states eliminated the requirement that voters own property, so that most white males over 21 could vote
Spoils System
When a President gives good government jobs to his supporters
Indian Removal Act of 1830
Law to remove tribes east of the Mississippi River. Indians must trade their lands for new lands in the West. The Cherokees refused to do so and appealed their case to the Supreme Court. John Marshall ruled in their favor.
Indian Territory
Land given to the 5 Civilized Tribes to settle on. Present day Oklahoma. The tribes included the Cherokees, Creeks, Choctaws, Chickasaws, and Seminoles.
Trail of Tears
In 1837, federal troops were called to escort 16,000 Cherokees along an 800-mile journey to their new home. The journey happened in the late fall and winter. One-fourth of them died from exposure, starvation, and disease.
Worcester v. Georgia (1832)
The State of Georgia passed a law in 1830 resulting in the arrest of missionaries living among Cherokees. The Supreme Court said Georgia's law was unconstitutional because the Cherokee issues fell under federal jurisdiction. President Jackson would not enforce the Court's decision.
Tariff of Abominations (1828)
Tariff passed during John Q. Adams' presidency that favored northern manufacturing. Southerners were against the tariff because they had to pay more for British goods. The South viewed the tariff as unconstitutional.
Nullification Crisis
South Carolina to threatens to secede from the Union. In 1832, South Carolina passed the Nullification Act because they believed the tariffs were unconstitutional and they could nullify the tariffs.
John C. Calhoun
Vice President under John Q. Adams and Andrew Jackson. Argued that each state had the right to nullify an unconstitutional federal law, especially the tariffs South Carolina did not like.
Monroe Doctrine
Policy written that the United States would not tolerate further colonization of the Western Hemisphere by European powers
Era of Good Feelings
marked a period in the political history of the United States that reflected a sense of national purpose and a desire for unity among Americans in the aftermath of the War of 1812.
McCulloch v. Maryland
Established National Supremacy
Marbury v. Madison
established judicial review
Gibbons v. Ogden
Regulating interstate commerce is a power reserved to the federal government

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