Terms in this set (71)
Which of these countries was forced to pay reparations after World War I?
In 1941, what happened?
Germany invaded the Soviet Union
Who was the Fuhrer?
How did geography contribute to Germany's defeat in World War II?
Germany had to fight a war on three fronts: North Africa, Western Europe, and Eastern Europe.
Which statement about 1939 is true?
Which statement about 1939 is true?
Which newspaper headline illustrates an EFFECT of the Treaty of Versailles?
"Germany Loses Its Overseas Colonies"
After World War II, the United States was better able than its allies to adjust its economy from wartime to peacetime because the United States:
had suffered no widespread wartime destruction.
The United States and the Soviet Union would become enemies following World War II. During the war, however, they were allies. In what way did American and Soviet soldiers work together to defeat the Germans in Europe?
American and Soviet armies squeezed the Germans from two directions.
Why did the Americans decide to drop atomic bombs on Japan?
Estimates of U.S. casualties in a land invasion were too high.
The internment of Japanese Americans during World War II illustrates which of the following concepts?
The 1941 Lend-Lease Act allowed the United States to "lend" equipment to countries that were critical to the defense of the United States. In what way did the Lend-Lease Act help the Allies?
It provided ships and other military hardware to Great Britain
Excluding neutral countries, Hitler conquered all of Western Europe with the exception of:
Which of the following did NOT figure into Truman's decision to drop the atomic bombs? ****
consequences of invading Japan
Who announced that appeasement with Germany would bring "peace in our time"?
What weapon did the Japanese have that Americans did not have?
German leaders made several mistakes in the course of World War II. Which of the following was their most critical mistake? ****
Germany broke a nonaggression pact with the Soviet Union, creating a powerful enemy to the east.
What did the Allied forces that liberated Paris do next?
They fought their way east toward Germany
Which countries had not fallen to Germany when the U.S. entered the war?
Great Britain and the Soviet Union
What was one result of World War II?
Two superpowers emerged.
When the U.S. entered the war, the Allies decided to take on ________ first.
During most of World War II, France was occupied by Nazi Germany
Fascism was to __________, as Communism was to __________.
Which of the Allies was Roosevelt's Lend-Lease program still able to help when Congress approved it in 1941?
Great Britain and the Soviet Union
The United Nations statement of principles was based on the belief that:
an international peacekeeping organization could settle disputes without warfare.
Which of the following was a way that the United States aided Britain in 1941?
passing the Lend-Lease Act
Before invading Southern Europe, Allied leaders believed that they had to defeat the Axis in:
Which of the following countries suffered the most military casualties during World War II?
During the 1920s and 1930s, the United States followed a foreign policy of
Why did Britain and France declare war on Germany in 1939?
The German army invaded Poland, and the British had agreed to defend Poland if that happened
As part of his dream of building an empire in Africa, in 1935 Mussolini ordered a massive invasion of:
During World War II, who conquered most of Asia?
Which became communist as a result of World War II?
World War II lasted from:
Trace the course of U.S. involvement in North Africa and Europe during World War II by putting the following in order.
Take part in the Battle of the Bulge, Land in North Africa, Invade Sicily, Defeat Italy, lead efforts in D-Day
Germany's last-ditch effort to win World War II was also known as:
the Battle of the Bulge.
What strategy did the United States utilize for its offensive against Japan?
What can truthfully be said about charges that Japanese Americans acted as spies for Japan during World War II?
No spying was ever proved.
Britain and France suffered heavy casualties during World War I. Because of this, when faced with Axis expansion before World War II, these countries were:
dependent on the United States to intervene in an international crisis.
What country was created partly as a result of World War II?
On D-Day, the Allies sailed from ________ to ________.
Why did Japan attack the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor in 1941?
The United States had previously restricted the sale of oil to Japan
What event helped trigger Japan's surprise attack on Pearl Harbor?
The United States stopped selling supplies to Japan
Why did Germany hate the peace treaty that ended World War I?
all the above
Many Americans opposed the 1941 Lend-Lease Act because they feared it would:
draw the United States into the war in Europe
In a speech delivered to Congress, President Roosevelt called December 7, 1941, "a date which will live in infamy." What was so important about this date?
It was the date of the Japanese attack of Pearl Harbor, which caused the United States to enter World War II.
In 1945, what happened?
The Allied invasion of ___ was given the code name D-Day.
Where did the Allied forces first invade Axis-controlled Europe?
the island of Sicily
Hitler made predictions as to what he would do as leader of Germany in:
V-E Day, or May 8, 1945, was the day when ___.
Fascist leaders were popular because they promised to:
solve the Great Depression.
German nationalists believed:
Why was the world surprised when Hitler and Stalin agreed not to attack one another's countries?
They had been bitter enemies
Why did the United States avoid direct involvement in World War II until after the attack on Pearl Harbor?
The United States preferred a policy of isolationism.
Germany occupied France in 1940. The Allies liberated France in ________.
In following a policy of appeasement, what did Britain and France do? ****
submitted to Hitler's demands
President Truman's decision to use atomic bombs against Japan was primarily based on his belief that:
an invasion of Japan would result in excessive casualties
In the period leading up to World War II, which country was the first to engage in military aggression?
In the race to take Berlin, who arrived first?
Japanese Americans were sent to internment camps because:
other Americans feared Japanese Americans would side with Japan in the war.
What was one result of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor?
The United States was drawn into the war.
Which statement about the Germans on D-Day is true? ****
They were expecting an invasion
What was Germany's long-range goal in World War II?
The dropping of the atomic bomb at ________ began the nuclear age.
Which of the following gives the correct sequence of events during World War II?
Hitler invades Poland
Japanese bomb Pearl Harbor
Germany surrenders to the Allies
U.S. drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima
Which of the following is an accurate list of the Allied nations in World War II?
the United States, Britain, China, and the Soviet Union
During World War II, Japanese Americans were relocated from their homes on the West Coast of the United States to internment camps in the U.S. interior. This action indicated a widespread fear that Japanese Americans were:
a threat to national security.
What event plunged most of Europe into World War II?
Hitler's attack on Poland
How was the United Nations different from the League of Nations?
The UN was created after the war.
Which was a common characteristic of the leaders of Italy, Germany, and Japan in the years leading up to World War II?
They threatened democracy and wanted to spread communism
What caused Hitler to commit suicide in late April 1945? ****
The Russian army took Berlin.
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